May 13 2023


Category: cyber securitydisc7 @ 12:30 pm

The Toyota Motor Corporation confirmed on Friday that the car data of 2.15 million customers in Japan, including those of its premium brand Lexus, had been publicly accessible for almost a decade owing to “human error.” The statement was made in response to a report that the Toyota Motor Corporation had published on Friday. The disaster, which impacted virtually all of Toyota’s clientele who had registered for the company’s primary cloud service platforms after 2012, was brought on by a cloud system that had been inadvertently turned to the public rather than the private mode. Customers who had signed up for the T-Connect service, which offers a wide range of services such as AI voice-enabled driving assistance, automatic connection to call centers for vehicle management, and emergency support in the event of a situation such as a car accident or a sudden illness, were impacted as well. The G-Link services for Lexus vehicles were also impacted. According to the corporation, there have been no complaints of harmful usage; nonetheless, information such as car positions and identification numbers of vehicle devices may have been compromised. This is despite the fact that there have been no indications of malicious use.

This incidence comes to light at the same time that Toyota is ramping up its efforts in the areas of vehicle connection and cloud-based data management in order to provide autonomous driving and other functions supported by artificial intelligence. When asked why it took Toyota so long to realize the error, a spokeswoman for the firm said, “There was a lack of active detection mechanisms, and activities to detect the presence or absence of things that became public.” In other words, the corporation did not have any mechanisms or activities in place to detect the presence or absence of things that became public.  The problem first surfaced in November of last year and continued through the middle of April of this year.

The Personal Information Protection Commission in Japan was made aware of an occurrence, but in keeping with their standard procedure, the commission has chosen not to divulge any more information at this time. Toyota has implemented safeguards to prevent unauthorized third parties from gaining access to the company’s data and is in the process of conducting an examination into all cloud environments that are administered by Toyota Connected Corp. Following a string of previous large data breaches in Japan, including one in March when mobile provider NTT DoCoMo revealed the data of up to 5.29 million users may have been compromised due to a firm to whom it had outsourced work.

The corporation said that it will be contacting individual consumers about the breach and that it has established a hotline for queries.

The problem comes after Toyota disclosed in October a second data breach affecting T-Connect that affected a far lesser amount of customers.

In April, Toyota revealed that there had been security breaches at its headquarters in Italy, which might have resulted in the exposure of customer information.

 InfoSec tools | InfoSec services | InfoSec books

Tags: Car hackers, Car Security, Secure cars

Apr 28 2023


Category: cyber securityDISC @ 1:38 pm

In a presentation that is being called the world’s first ethical satellite hacking exercise, cybersecurity researchers will explain how they took control of a European Space Agency (ESA) satellite this week. The ESA satellite was part of an experiment that was touted as the world’s first ethical satellite hacking exercise. The European Space Agency (ESA) issued a challenge to cybersecurity professionals working in the ecosystem of the space sector, asking them to interfere with the functioning of the OPS-SAT demonstration nanosatellite that the ESA operates. Participants made use of a wide array of ethical hacking approaches in order to seize control of the system that was used to operate the payload’s onboard camera, global positioning system, and attitude control system. Unauthorized access to these systems poses a risk of severe damage to the satellite as well as a loss of command and control over the satellite’s intended purpose. The offensive cybersecurity team at Thales collaborated with the Group’s Information Technology Security Evaluation Facility (ITSEF2) to carry out this one-of-a-kind exercise. The goal of the exercise was to show the need of a high degree of cyber resilience in the very unusual operational environment of space.

Thales, a global defense and aerospace business, was able to successfully take control of a satellite that was being operated by the European Space Agency (ESA) during a test run that the company ran. In order to demonstrate how space systems are susceptible to cyberattacks, the experiment involves breaking into the satellite’s command and control system and sending instructions. Even though the experiments were carried out in a safe and controlled setting, they shed light on the dangers that exist when it comes to the possibility of an evil actor seizing control of a satellite in the real world, which may lead to potentially catastrophic results. Due to the fact that cyber attacks continue to provide a substantial obstacle to space exploration and safety, this event highlights how important it is to ensure the security of space-based infrastructure.

The team of four cybersecurity experts from Thales gained access to the satellite’s onboard system, utilized the conventional access permissions to take control of the satellite’s application environment, and then exploited multiple vulnerabilities in order to install malicious code into the satellite’s systems. This made it feasible to compromise the data that was transmitted back to Earth, in particular by changing the pictures that were collected by the satellite’s camera, as well as to accomplish other goals, such as masking specific geographic regions in the satellite imaging while disguising their operations in order to escape discovery by ESA. The simulation was put on especially for CYSAT in order to assist in determining how a genuine cyberattack may affect civilian networks and the possible fallout from an attack of this kind.

Cybersecurity for Space: Protecting the Final Frontier

InfoSec Threats
 | InfoSec books | InfoSec tools | InfoSec services


Mar 30 2023

What is a blockchain security implication

Category: Blockchain,cyber security,Information SecurityDISC @ 3:14 pm

Table of Contents

What is Blockchain Security?

What Are the Types of Blockchain?

Blockchain Security Challenges

6 Blockchain Security Examples

Blockchain 2035: The Digital DNA of Internet 3.0

InfoSec Threats | InfoSec books | InfoSec tools | InfoSec services

Tags: blockchain security implications

Mar 23 2023

Cybersecurity 101: What is Attack Surface Management?

Category: Cyber Attack,cyber securityDISC @ 9:39 am

There were over 4,100 publicly disclosed data breaches in 2022, exposing about 22 billion records. Criminals can use stolen data for identity theft, financial fraud or to launch ransomware attacks. While these threats loom large on the horizon, attack surface management (ASM) seeks to combat them.

ASM is a cybersecurity approach that continuously monitors an organization’s IT infrastructure to identify and remediate potential points of attack. Here’s how it can give your organization an edge.

Understanding Attack Surface Management

Here are some key terms in ASM:

  • Attack vectors are vulnerabilities or methods threat actors use to gain unauthorized access to a network. These vulnerabilities include vectors such as malware, viruses, email attachments, pop-ups, text messages and social engineering. 
  • An attack surface is the sum of attack vectors that threat actors can potentially use in a cyberattack. In any organization, all internet-connected hardware, software and cloud assets add to the attack surface. 
  • Shadow IT is any software, hardware or computing resource being used on a company’s network without the consent or knowledge of the IT department. Quite often, shadow IT uses open-source software that is easy to exploit. 
  • Attackers use sophisticated computer programs and programming techniques to target vulnerabilities in your attack surface, like shadow IT and weak passwords. These cyber criminals launch attacks to steal sensitive data, like account login credentials and personally identifiable information (PII)

Read the Threat Index

Why is Attack Surface Management Important?

Security teams can use ASM practices and tools to prevent risks in the following ways:

  • Reduce blind spots to get a holistic view of your IT infrastructure and understand which cloud or on-premise assets are exposed to attackers.
  • Eliminate shadow IT to remove unknown open-source software (OSS) or unpatched legacy programs.
  • Minimize human error by building a security-conscious culture where people are more aware of emerging cyber threats. 
  • Prioritize your risk. You can get familiar with attack patterns and techniques that threat actors use.

How Attack Surface Management Works

There are four core processes in attack surface management: 

  1. Asset discovery is the process of automatically and continuously scanning for entry points that threat actors could attack. Assets include computers, IoT devices, databases, shadow IT and third-party SaaS apps. During this step, security teams use the following standards:
    • CVE (Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures): A list of known computer security threats that helps teams track, identify and manage potential risks.
    • CWE (Common Weakness Enumeration): A collection of standardized names and descriptions for common software weaknesses.
  2. Classification and prioritization is the process of assigning a risk score based on the probability of attackers targeting each asset. CVEs refer to actual vulnerabilities, while CWEs focus on the underlying weaknesses that may cause those vulnerabilities. After analysis, teams can categorize the risks and establish a plan of action with milestones to fix the issues.
  3. Remediation is the process of resolving vulnerabilities. You could fix issues with operating system patches, debugging application code or stronger data encryption. The team may also set new security standards and eliminate rogue assets from third-party vendors.
  4. Monitoring is the ongoing process of detecting new vulnerabilities and remediating attack vectors in real-time. The attack surface changes continuously, especially when new assets are deployed (or existing assets are deployed in new ways).  

You can learn more about the four core processes and how attack surface management works on the IBM blog. 

How to Get a Job in Attack Surface Management

Anyone who works in attack surface management must ensure the security team has the most complete picture of the organization’s attack vectors — so they can identify and combat threats that present a risk to the organization.

Hiring companies look for people with a background and qualifications in information systems or security support. The minimum expectations typically include the following:

  • Strong technical security skills
  • Strong analytical and problem-solving skills
  • Working knowledge of cyber threats, defenses and techniques
  • Working knowledge of operating systems and networking technologies
  • Proficiency in scripting languages, like Perl, Python or Shell Scripting
  • Experience with attack surface management and offensive security identity technologies.

What’s Next in Attack Surface Management?

Cyber Asset Attack Surface Management (CAASM) is an emerging technology that presents a unified view of cyber assets. This powerful technology helps cybersecurity teams understand all the systems and discover security gaps in their environment.

There is no one-size-fits-all ASM tool — security teams must consider their company’s situation and find a solution that fits their needs. 

Some key criteria include the following:

  • Easy-to-use dashboards
  • Extensive reporting features to offer actionable insights
  • Comprehensive automated discovery of digital assets (including unknown assets, like shadow IT)
  • Options for asset tagging and custom addition of new assets
  • Continuous operation with little to no user interaction
  • Collaboration options for security teams and other departments.

With a good ASM solution, your security team can get a real cyber criminal’s perspective into your attack surface. You can find, prioritize and solve security issues quickly and continuously. Ultimately, a diligent attack surface management strategy helps protect your company, employees and customers. 

Side view of young businessman using laptop in office. Male professional sitting at conference table working on laptop computer.

Operationalizing Threat Intelligence: A guide to developing and operationalizing cyber threat intelligence programs

InfoSec Threats | InfoSec books | InfoSec tools | InfoSec services

Tags: Attack Surface, Cyber Threat, Threat Intelligence

Mar 09 2023

Security Professionals Battle Burnout as Threat Landscape Evolves

Category: cyber securityDISC @ 11:14 am

A surge of cybersecurity incidents and a general feeling of work overload is leading to widespread burnout among IT security professionals, two surveys indicated.

A Cynet survey of chief information security officers (CISOs) of small to midsize businesses found nearly two-thirds (65%) said their ability to protect their organization is compromised due to an overwhelming workload–with nearly 100% admitting they needed additional resources.

The stress levels are affecting entire IT security teams, with nearly three-quarters (74%) of CISOs surveyed admitting they have lost team members because of work-related stress issues.

Nearly half (47%) of these CISOs have had more than one team member exit their role over the last 12 months.

Burning Out and Fading Away

Respondents to a Magnet Forensics survey said the rapid evolution of cybercrime is weighing on security teams substantially more than it did last year, leading to widespread burnout. Alert and investigation fatigue are twin contributing factors, the survey revealed.

The study also revealed that the evolving nature of threats is extending response times beyond what they feel is acceptable—43% of respondents said it takes them between one week and more than a month.

Nearly a third of respondents said that identifying the root cause of an incident requires either a “complete overhaul” or “major improvements” in the organization’s threat posture.

“We’re seeing a direct correlation between burnout and the increased activity of cybercriminals who are relying on more complex strategies and bombarding organizations with more attacks,” explained Adam Belsher, CEO of Magnet. “New cybersecurity regulations also impacted our respondents who said they’re now under increased pressure to get answers faster.”

He pointed out that a global talent shortage resulted in hiring challenges, and that digital forensics and incident response practitioners (DFIR) find themselves in a difficult situation.

“They need to respond to more incidents, get answers faster and do so while knowing no reinforcements are on the way,” Belsher noted. “It’s no surprise that they’re burned out.”

George Tubin, director of product marketing for Cynet, added that what stood out most is what a vicious cycle this work-related stress is. Their stress at work spills over into their personal lives, which increases their stress at work—and repeat.

“Because of their workload and stress, these CISOs said they’re missing vacations and private events and they’re also losing their tempers with family and friends. This only exacerbates their stress levels,” he says.

In addition, 80% of them have received complaints about how they handled security tasks and two-thirds said their ability to protect their organizations is compromised due to work overload and stress.

More Cybersecurity Staff Needed to Combat Burnout

The Cynet survey also asked CISOs whether they need more people, and the general consensus is that they could use 30% more staff.

They also said they’ve compromised on hiring decisions because it’s so hard to find good cybersecurity people.

“But, when we asked them what initiatives could help them reduce stress levels, rather than say hire more, more CISOs stated technology consolidation and automation, as well as outsourcing,” Turbin says. “Cybersecurity technology has become so complicated and so expensive that the cure is almost as bad as the disease.”

Belsher noted that each factor contributing to the burnout of DFIR practitioners is out of their hands.

“They can’t control how often cybercriminals attack their organizations or the methods they use,” he said. “Cybercriminals have continued to find new threat vectors and ways to scale the volume of their attacks. That won’t change in 2023.”

That means organizations must adapt to this threat landscape beyond trying to hire themselves out of this problem.

“If we maintain the status quo, burnout will only get worse,” he says. “Automation is essential to scaling the capacity of DFIR teams.”

Turbin agreed, noting a couple of the survey questions asked the respondents to compare the past year with previous years; the results were consistent or have become slightly worse.

“Unless these security leaders can somehow relieve their stress, mainly through simplifying and automating their cybersecurity technology, I expect the situation to get worse before it gets any better,” he said.

He added that CEOs and the board should be concerned about the threat of burnout, especially considering that this stress is leading to a degradation in security outcomes that increased risk for the organization.

“CEOs and board members should proactively reach out to their security leaders to discuss ways to reduce stress and improve the company’s security posture,” he advised.

Belsher pointed out that cybersecurity and IT personnel can’t tackle burnout alone.

“Mental health is a company-wide imperative that executives, HR departments and all people leaders should play an active role in addressing,” he said.

CISO Zoom burnout

7 Steps From Burnout to Happiness

InfoSec Threats | InfoSec books | InfoSec tools | InfoSec services

Tags: cybersecurity burnout

Jan 22 2023

Global Cybersecurity Outlook 2023

Category: cyber security,Information SecurityDISC @ 3:19 pm

#Geopolitical Instability Means a #Cyber “Catastrophe” is Imminent

Routledge Companion to Global Cyber-Security Strategy

The 2023-2028 Outlook for Cybersecurity in China 

Global Cyber Security Labor Shortage and International Business Risk

The Cyber Threat and Globalization : The Impact on U.S. National and International Security

InfoSec books | InfoSec tools | InfoSec services

Tags: Global Cybersecurity Outlook 2023

Jan 12 2023

Microsoft Exchange Vulnerabilities Most Exploited by Hackers Targeting Financial Sector

During the month of November, researchers at the cybersecurity firm LookingGlass examined the most significant vulnerabilities in the financial services industry in the United States.

The company looked at assets with public internet-facing assets from more than 7 million IP addresses in the industry and discovered that a seven-year-old Remote Code Execution vulnerability affecting Microsoft Windows was at the top of the list.

According to CISA, the “Financial Services Sector includes thousands of depository institutions, providers of investment products, insurance companies, other credit and financing organizations, and the providers of the critical financial utilities and services that support these functions.”

Reports stated that the industry employs about 8 million Americans and contributes $1.5 trillion, or 7.4% of the nation’s overall GDP.

Microsoft Exchange Vulnerabilities

Over 900 times in the financial sector have been affected by a critical remote code execution vulnerability identified as (CVE-2015-1635), affecting Microsoft Windows and it has been around for seven years.

If this vulnerability is exploited successfully, a remote attacker may execute arbitrary code with system privileges and result in a buffer overflow.

The next most often exploited vulnerability was (CVE-2021-31206), which affects Microsoft Exchange Servers. Reports say in the month of November, this vulnerability was exploited 700 times in the financial services industry in the United States.

Top list of vulnerabilities in the financial services sector

“Our data holdings attribute roughly 7 million of these to the U.S. financial services sector, which includes insurance companies, rental & leasing companies, and creditors, among other subsectors”, explains LookingGlass researchers.

According to recent reports from the U.S. Department of Treasury, ransomware attacks alone cost U.S. financial institutions close to $1.2 billion in 2021, a nearly 200% increase from the year before. 

The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FCEN) of the Treasury identified Russia as the main source of numerous ransomware variants hitting the industry in its study.

Joint Cybersecurity Advisory: Compromise of Microsoft Exchange Server

Tags: Microsoft Exchange Vulnerabilities

Jan 10 2023

Automotive Industry Exposed to Have Major API Vulnerabilities

Category: cyber securityDISC @ 4:42 pm

The impacted automotive giants include BMW, Toyota, Ford, Honda, Mercedes-Benz and many more…

These API vulnerabilities exposed vehicles to information theft, account takeover, remote code execution (RCE), and even hijacking of physical commands such as starting and stopping engines.

Millions of vehicles belonging to 16 different manufacturers had completely exposed API vulnerabilities which could be abused to unlock, start, and track cars while also impacting the privacy of the vehicle owners.

These vulnerabilities were found by security researcher Sam Curry who conducted in-depth research into the security loopholes of the automotive industry along with researchers Neiko Rivera, Brett Buerhaus, Maik Robert, Ian Carroll, Justin Rhinehart, and Shubham Shah. 

Automotive Industry Exposed to Have Major Vulnerabilities

In a detailed report, Curry laid out vulnerabilities found in the automotive APIs powering several automotive giants including the following:

  • Kia
  • BMW
  • Ford
  • Honda
  • Acura
  • Jaguar
  • Nissan
  • Porsche
  • Toyota
  • Ferrari
  • Spireon
  • Reviver
  • Genesis
  • Hyundai
  • Infiniti
  • SiriusXM
  • Land Rover
  • Rolls Royce
  • Mercedes-Benz

According to researchers, information theft to account takeover, remote code execution (RCE), and even hijacking physical commands such as starting and stopping engines of cars were all real possibilities that hackers could access before the security vulnerabilities were fixed by respective manufacturers following responsible disclosure. 

Spireon’s telematics solution faced the most serious of issues which could have been exploited to gain full administrator access to the company’s platform, enabling a threat actor to issue arbitrary commands to about 15.5 million vehicles as well as update device firmware. 

“Using our access, we could access all user accounts, devices (vehicles), and fleets,” Curry said. “Some of the fleets on the website included ambulances, police cruisers, and large trucks. Using the Spireon access, we could send fully arbitrary commands and update device configurations.”

Another vulnerability reported in the researchers’ findings showed that a poorly configured API endpoint for generating one-time passwords for the web portals of BMW and Rolls Royce could allow attackers to take over the accounts of any employee and contractor, thereby gaining access to sensitive customer and vehicle information. 

A poorly implemented SSO functionality in Ferrari’s web applications allowed the researchers to gain unrestricted access to the JavaScript code of several internal applications. The source code contained internal API keys and usage patterns, allowing potential attackers to create and modify users’ or (worse yet) give themselves superuser permissions. The vulnerabilities effectively allowed attackers to take ownership of Ferrari cars.

A misconfiguration in the Mercedes-Benz single sign-on (SSO) system enabled the researchers to gain access to several internal company assets, including private GitHub repositories and internal communication tools.

Attackers could pose as employees, allowing them to access sensitive information, send commands to customer vehicles, perform RCE attacks, and use social engineering to escalate their privileges across the Mercedes-Benz infrastructure.

“There were some car companies where you’d own one, then copy the exact same methodology to another car company and get in with the same vulnerability,” Curry wrote in a blog post.

The researchers found that some flaws existed across the platforms of several companies, including tons of exposed actuators (vehicle component control), debug endpoints, and administrative functions for managing vehicles, purchase contracts, and telematic devices.

This only goes to show that as much of a hurry as these car companies were to install these devices, they completely overlooked the task of securing their online ecosystem. 

Infosec books | InfoSec tools | InfoSec services

Tags: Car Hacker, Car Security, Connected cars

Jan 05 2023

CYBERSECURITY BASICS for small business

Category: cyber securityDISC @ 12:40 pm

DISC InfoSec: A reliable information security solutions tailored to individual business needs and our mantra is securing the business

Infosec books | InfoSec tools | InfoSec services

Tags: CYBERSECURITY BASICS, Cybersecurity Essentials

Jan 05 2023

Volvo Cars Suffered A New Data Breach? Data Published On Hacking Forum

Category: cyber security,Data BreachDISC @ 11:19 am

According to a post on a well-known hacker forum, Volvo Cars has experienced a new data breach, with stolen information allegedly being made available for sale.

Anis Haboubi, a French cybersecurity expert, was the first to discover that a threat actor was seeking to sell data purportedly taken from Volvo Cars on a well-known hacking site.

On December 31, 2022, a forum member operating online with the moniker IntelBroker reported that VOLVO CARS had been the target of a ransomware attack. He alleges that the Endurance Ransomware gang attacked the company and stole 200GB of private information that is now being sold.

The seller mentioned that he doesn’t demand a ransom because he thinks the victim won’t pay it.

“The company has not been approached with a ransom demand. Based on the information available, the company does not currently see an impact on its business or operations”, according to a Volvo representative.

Volvo breach

IntelBroker is offering the relevant data for $2500 in Monero, and he shared a number of screenshots as evidence of the hack. He forbids any escrow, which is a highly suspicious situation.

According to reports, the leak included sensitive data like access to several of the company’s databases, WiFi logins and points, employee listings, software keys, and other private data.

“I am currently selling the following information:

Database access, CICD access, Atlassian access, domain access, WiFi points, and logins, auth bearers, API, PAC security access, employee lists, software licenses, and keys and system files.” reads the announcement on the hacking forum.

“There is much data on “unresolved” reports of exploits. I have taken them all and they will also be included in this sale.”

It’s notable that the attacker shared screenshots of allegedly stolen data that indicate details about vehicles the company sells to law enforcement agencies, especially in Europe.

Threat actors have set a relatively low price of $2,500 for the dataset, indicating that the data may not be as sensitive as the seller would want.

If genuine, this would be Volvo’s second security compromise in less than 18 months. The company claimed that a “small portion” of its R&D assets had been taken during the breach in late 2021.

Hence, it’s unclear at this moment whether the seller is seeking to sell information from the 2021 data breach or if there has been a new data leak. Some users of the same hacker site said that since last week, the company’s unsecured Citrix access has been exposed online.

Security researchers released their car hacking research discussing vulnerabilities affecting millions of vehicles, and lots of different car companies such as Kia, Toyota, BMW, Rolls Royce, Ferrari, Ford, and many more. If an attacker were able to find vulnerabilities in the API endpoints that vehicle telematics systems used, they could honk the horn, flash the lights, remotely track, lock/unlock, and start/stop vehicles, completely remotely. Their goal was to find vulnerabilities affecting the automotive industry. This write-up details their work exploring the security of telematic systems, automotive APIs, and the infrastructure that supports them. Details:

Web Hackers vs. The Auto Industry: Critical Vulnerabilities in Ferrari, BMW, Rolls Royce, Porsche, and More

Infosec books | InfoSec tools | InfoSec services

Tags: Volvo data breach

Dec 16 2022

Microsoft revised CVE-2022-37958 severity due to its broader scope

Microsoft revised the severity rate for the CVE-2022-37958 flaw which was addressed with Patch Tuesday security updates for September 2022.

Microsoft revised the severity rate for the CVE-2022-37958 vulnerability, the IT giant now rated it as “critical” because it discovered that threat actors can exploit the bug to achieve remote code execution.

The CVE-2022-37958 was originally classified as an information disclosure vulnerability that impacts the SPNEGO Extended Negotiation (NEGOEX) security mechanism.

The SPNEGO Extended Negotiation Security Mechanism (NEGOEX) extends Simple and Protected GSS-API Negotiation Mechanism (SPNEGO) described in [RFC4178].

The SPNEGO Extended Negotiation (NEGOEX) Security Mechanism allows a client and server to negotiate the choice of security mechanism to use.

The issue was initially rated as high severity because the successful exploitation of this issue required an attacker to prepare the target environment to improve exploit reliability.

Microsoft addressed the vulnerability with the release of Patch Tuesday security updates for September 2022.

IBM Security X-Force researcher Valentina Palmiotti demonstrated that this vulnerability is a pre-authentication remote code execution issue that impacts a wide range of protocols. It has the potential to be wormable and can be exploited to achieve remote code execution.

“The vulnerability could allow attackers to remotely execute arbitrary code by accessing the NEGOEX protocol via any Windows application protocol that authenticates, such as Server Message Block (SMB) or Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP), by default.” reads the post published by IBM. “This list of affected protocols is not complete and may exist wherever SPNEGO is in use, including in Simple Message Transport Protocol (SMTP) and Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP) when SPNEGO authentication negotiation is enabled, such as for use with Kerberos or Net-NTLM authentication.”

Unlike the CVE-2017-0144 flaw triggered by the EternalBlue exploit, which only affected the SMB protocol, the CVE-2022-37958 flaw could potentially affect a wider range of Windows systems due to a larger attack surface of services exposed to the public internet (HTTP, RDP, SMB) or on internal networks. The expert pointed out that this flaw can be exploited without user interaction or authentication.

IBM announced it will release full technical details in Q2 2023 to give time organizations to apply the security updates.


Mastering Windows Security and Hardening: Secure and protect your Windows environment from intruders, malware attacks, and other cyber threats

InfoSecBooks & Tools

Tags: CVE-2022-37958 severity

Dec 14 2022

3.5m IP cameras exposed, with US in the lead

Category: cyber securityDISC @ 1:04 pm

The number of internet-facing cameras in the world is growing exponentially. Some of the most popular brands don’t enforce a strong password policy, meaning anyone can peer into their owners’ lives.

Original post at

When you spy on your neighborhood or your cafe customers, do you wonder if someone is watching Big Brother – you, in this case?

Businesses and homeowners increasingly rely on internet protocol (IP) cameras for surveillance. All too often, this gives them a false sense of security: when in fact, threat actors can not only access and watch your camera feed but exploit the unsecured device to hack into your network.

New research by Cybernews shows an exponential rise in the uptake of internet-facing cameras. After looking at 28 of the most popular manufacturers, our research team found 3.5 million IP cameras exposed to the internet, signifying an eightfold increase since April 2021.

While the default security settings have improved over the review period, some popular brands either offer default passwords or no authentication, meaning anyone can spy on the spies.

What is more, the overwhelming majority of internet-facing cameras are manufactured by Chinese companies. And while cosmetic security measures are in place, security leaders have long warned that technologies produced by Chinese companies can be exploited by China’s government.

Surge in internet-facing cameras

When we last did similar research, we discovered over 400,000 internet-facing cameras online. This time, the Cybernews research team found 3.5 million internet-facing cameras.

Since this is a convenient and cheap tool to surveil anything from a parking lot, a warehouse, your doorstep, or even monitor your child’s sleep using a baby camera, it’s not surprising to see a surge in IP camera usage.

While not surprising, the trend is worrying since internet-connected devices might be vulnerable to attacks – threat actors can gain access to the camera’s live feed, collect sensitive data, and launch further attacks on the network.

It is worrying that all analyzed brands have at least some models that allow users to keep default passwords or have no authentication setup whatsoever.

The reign of a Chinese brand

Most of the public-facing cameras we discovered are manufactured by the Chinese company Hikvision: the Cybernews research team found over 3.37 million of its cameras worldwide.

According to our researchers, they have the necessary security practice in place as they force users to create their unique passwords during an initial setup process. Nevertheless, the global popularity of Hikvision cameras has raised some eyebrows and, as is typical with China-manufactured technology, it and other companies are facing a backlash from Western governments.

Recently, the UK parliament instructed government agencies to cease the deployment of Chinese equipment, including surveillance cameras, on to sensitive sites, saying the technology is produced by companies subject to the National Intelligence Law of the People’s Republic of China.

Hikvision’s website advertised optional demographic profiling facial analysis algorithms, including gender, race, ethnicity, and age. Following an investigation by the Guardian, the ad was removed.

In November, the US Federal Communications Commission banned authorizations for Chinese telecommunications and video surveillance equipment, saying that Huawei, ZTE, Hytera, Hikvision, and Dahua are “deemed to pose a threat to national security.”

IP cameras

Most insecure brands

Most analyzed brands (96.44% of the discovered cameras) force users to set passwords or generate unique default passwords on the newest models and firmware versions. While this is a good trend, it doesn’t mean that all the cameras are safe since the lion’s share of these cameras is probably comprised of older models or those operating with outdated firmware using default or weak passwords.

Anyhow, this is a fundamental shift in the trend since last year, when we found that only 5.25% of analyzed cameras asked users to set their passwords.

As of today, 3.56% (127,000) of all analyzed cameras recommend changing the default password but do not enforce it. Sometimes, they don’t even mention it in the initial setup process, with the recommendation being on a blog post instead.

Even more concerning is that over 21,000 cameras did not have any authentication setup, allowing anyone to access them, leaving owners at risk of cyberattack.

IP cameras

According to the research, most public-facing cameras that might be using default credentials are operational in the United States, where we identified over 458,000 such devices.

Germany, which took second place in our research last year, covering over 50,000 cameras, didn’t even make it into the top 10 countries this time.

The second most affected country is Vietnam, with nearly 365,000 cameras, followed by the UK (nearly 250,000).

Visual here: Top 10 Countries with the most internet-connected cameras that could be using default credentials:

IP cameras

If you want to know how to secure your IP camera give a look at the original post published on CyberNews:

About the author: Jurgita Lapienytė, Chief Editor

A Security System for a Digital Camera: Using Cryptographic Secrecy in Steganographic Embedding

DISC InfoSec

#InfoSecTools and #InfoSectraining



Follow DISC #InfoSec blog

Ask DISC an InfoSec & compliance related question

Tags: camera security

Dec 06 2022

Bug in Toyota, Honda, and Nissan Car App Let Hackers Unlock & Start The Car Remotely

The majority of major automobile manufacturers have addressed vulnerability issues that would have given hackers access to their vehicles to perform the following activities remotely:-

  • Lock the car
  • Unlock the car
  • Start the engine
  • Press the horn
  • Flas the headlights
  • Open the trunk of certain cars made after 2012
  • Locate the car

Flaw in SiriusXM

SiriusXM, one of the most widely used connected vehicle platforms available on the market, has a critical bug in its platform that affects all major vehicle brands.

There is a particular interest among security researchers in the area of connected cars, like Yuga Labs’ Sam Curry. In fact, he’s the one who was responsible for discovering a security hole in the connected cars of major car manufacturers during his routine research.

There are a number of car manufacturers who use Sirius XM telematics and infotainment systems as a part of their vehicle technology.

Affected Car Brands

Here below we have mentioned the brands’ names that are affected due to this critical bug in SiriusXM:-

  • Acura
  • BMW
  • Honda
  • Hyundai
  • Infiniti
  • Jaguar
  • Land Rover
  • Lexus
  • Nissan
  • Subaru
  • Toyota

Vulnerability Analysis

During the process of analyzing the data, it was found that there is a domain (http://telematics(.)net) that is used during the vehicle enrollment process for the remote management of Sirius XM.

The flaw is associated with the enrollment process for SiriusXM’s remote management functionality which results in the vehicle being tampered with.

There is not yet any technical information available about the findings of the researchers at the present time, since they haven’t shared anything in detail.

Upon further analysis of the domain, it becomes apparent that the Nissan Car Connected App is one of the most plentiful and frequently referenced apps in this domain.

In order for the data exchanged through the telematics platform to be authorized, the vehicle identification number (VIN) only needs to be used. The VIN of the vehicle can therefore be used to carry out a variety of commands by anyone who knows the number.

The next step would be to log in to the application later on, and then the experts examined the HTTPS traffic that came from a Nissan car owner.

Researchers discovered one HTTP request during the scan in which they conducted a deep analysis. 

It is possible to obtain a bearer token return and a “200 OK” response by passing a VPN prefixed ID through as a customerID in the following way:-

Car App

Using the Authorization bearer in an HTTP request, researchers attempted to obtain information about the user profile of the victim and, as a result, they successfully retrieved the following information:-

  • Name
  • Phone number
  • Address
  • Car details

In addition to this, the API calls used by SiriusXM for its telematics services worked even if the user did not have an active subscription with SiriusXM.

As long as the developers or owners are not involved in the process of securing a vulnerable app, it is impossible to guarantee the security of that app. This is why they should be the only ones who can issue security updates and patches.


Here below we have mentioned the recommendations made by the security analysts:-

  • Ensure that you do not share the VIN number of your car with unreliable third parties.
  • In order to protect your vehicle from thieves, it is imperative to use unique passwords for each app connected to the vehicle.
  • Keep your passwords up-to-date by changing them on a regular basis.
  • Keeping your system up-to-date should be a priority for users.

The Car Hacker’s Handbook: A Guide for the Penetration Tester

Tags: Car Security

Nov 18 2022

3 Simple Yet Vital Tips to Stay Safe Online

Category: cyber security,Security AwarenessDISC @ 10:44 am

The online world has never been risk-free and in 2022 the risks posed by cybercriminals are a threat to all internet users. As scams and phishing methods become more complex there is a greater need for the individual to adopt a range of best practices to protect their personal information. 

Cybercriminals can target both individuals and businesses using a wide range of methods: malware can be activated by clicking on malicious links; personal details can be harvested simply by visiting unsecure sites

Whether you like to surf the internet for fun and recreation, use it as a platform for online trading, or buy a range of products and services, staying safe online should always be a priority. It is a sobering fact that thousands of pieces of malware are created every day. 

Stay safer online by following these three top tips.

Be vigilant when trading 

Millions of people around the world now regularly trade online and increasingly that trade is in cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin. With a wide range of cryptocurrencies now available, it is more important than ever to check that the site you trade on is secure. 

As a rule, you should only trade on sites that feature the padlock icon in their web address, such as can be seen at OKX. This padlock icon proves that the site is secure and uses SSL encryption to ensure that any financial or personal information is transmitted safely. 

It is also good practice to look at reviews from trading platforms. Customer experiences of using these sites can be a valuable source of information on the security of a platform. When trading online or undertaking any type of internet purchasing activity, it is also important to remember not to use unsecured networks.

Surfing in coffee shops and shopping malls can be an attractive proposition but should be avoided whenever any transactions are taking place; otherwise, a cybercriminal could easily pose as a contact from a website you have visited – leaving you open to phishing attacks in the future.

Use strong passwords

Whilst most people realize the value of having strong passwords across all the sites they use, it is still surprising how many people do not adhere to this best practice. Many consumers use the same passwords across numerous platforms and sites or use exceptionally weak passwords that can be cracked with a minimum amount of effort. 

Today, search engines can suggest strong passwords and store them securely. This method can make consumers safer online whilst also freeing the need to memorize complex passwords. Put simply, if you use weak or repetitive passwords across sites, you are making it easy for a cybercriminal to harvest your personal details or hack your accounts. 

Stay up to date

Another common practice that tends to be overlooked by millions of web visitors is to keep applications and devices up to date with the latest firmware. It is vitally important to check for system and firmware updates on a regular basis. Whilst many updates offer stability improvements or bug fixes, they often contain the latest security updates that keep devices and applications more secure. 

Running software or operating systems that do not have the latest patches leaves them far more vulnerable to attack, so make a point of checking for updates across your devices on a regular basis to ensure that you benefit from the latest security features. 

In summary, follow the above advice to avoid falling victim to one (or more) of the 300,000 pieces of malware that are created every day.

3 Simple Yet Vital Tips to Stay Safe Online

HOW TO STAY SAFE ON SOCIAL MEDIA: Social Media Dos and Don’ts


Nov 15 2022

How To Take A Multi-Layered Approach To Cybersecurity

Category: Cyber maturity,cyber security,Information SecurityDISC @ 1:10 pm
Padlock Icon Cyber Security of Digital Data Network Protection, Secure Technology Blockchain Data Network Connectivity Background, And Secure Information for Privacy 3d rendering

As we continue to rely on technology more and more, we should also be increasingly thinking about protection. According to Cyber Security Hub, two-thirds of companies are spending more on cybersecurity in 2022 than last year — a pattern that should only continue.

On the heels of National Cybersecurity Awareness Month, it is the perfect time for business leaders and organizations to consider the cybersecurity safeguards they use to protect sensitive information. Cybersecurity can be a complex task for many organizations. Businesses, educational institutions and government entities often struggle to navigate the available options. Aside from IT professionals, finding the right solution requiressubject matter experts, a group of leaders who represent different lines of business, C-suite representatives and a thorough risk assessment to determine where to strike a balance between security and productivity.

Security is a constant discipline of due care and due diligence over time. It requires a mindset shift for employees and extends far beyond computers. Printers, scanners, fax machines, document management systems and other hardware and software solutions must contain the latest security features as well. While updating these devices may not be top of mind, neglecting them can pose a serious threat to your organization if compromised.

If you are just getting started, or need a refresher on cybersecurity, here are some of the first steps you should take:

Risk Assessment

Layered security Standard Requirements

Tags: Multi-Layered Approach

Nov 08 2022

Taking cybersecurity investments to the next level

Category: cyber security,Selling cyber securityDISC @ 12:14 pm

Recently, the Forgepoint team announced a new alliance with global banking leader Santander to increase cyber investment worldwide, specifically in Europe, Israel, and Latin America. Santander will also be the primary investor in Forgepoint’s next fund, slated for 2023, with a nearly $300 million goal.

This was the perfect reason to connect with Alberto Yépez, the co-founder and Managing Director of Forgepoint Capital. In this Help Net Security interview, the former Trident Capital leader offers insight into innovation in the cybersecurity market, M&A activity, pitching to VCs, and more.

When you look at today’s cybersecurity industry landscape, what drives innovation?

Innovation is always driven by a need. What does the market need right now? What do customers need? How can the ecosystem adapt to serve those needs? Innovation provides solutions that expedite answers to problems, and successful businesses are built when they do this.

Today’s rapidly changing macro environment combined with the demands of an evolving threat landscape makes this the perfect time for company building. Now, businesses that did not satisfy needs will no longer survive, while those that do will thrive.

The cybersecurity market is prone to mergers and acquisitions. How will this impact the future of the market?

While we may see a wave of consolidation, which is expected given the amount of venture financing committed to cybersecurity in the last few years, organizations now face the decision to either raise more funding in a challenging environment as valuations normalize or seek an acquisition, as growth investors shift away due to market conditions.

Public and larger private companies will continue to buy startups that are innovative and leading-edge, filling gaps in their current offerings to offer wider, more integrated solutions. These companies provide new capabilities that address new threats and give them access to high-growth market segments while helping them stay relevant.

Ultimately, M&A activity will have a positive impact on the industry because large enterprise customers benefit from integrated solutions that reduce the total cost of ownership of these solutions. Customers also benefit from these integrated services as they help meet critical enterprise needs and ease the strain caused by the global shortage of cybersecurity professionals.

Company founders spend a lot of time preparing their pitch, but it can take a long time to get VC, even with massively successful products. What advice would you give to those getting ready to talk to VCs?

I advise founders to take a long-term mindset and remember that fundraising is a people-driven industry. While initial timelines may achieve certain funding goals, securing funding means building real relationships and creating a network of trusted partners. Taking the time to do this well will have an immediate impact upon your success.

In a competitive fundraising environment, VCs have to make quick decisions. To do that, we depend on both our own experience, as well as the experiences of our network and our close connections who we can rely on to provide strong counsel. An introduction to a startup from a trusted friend with relevant expertise and background is one of the most productive relationship builders – for both sides.

These trusted relationships will open the right doors for founders, then it’s all about how you tell your story to the VC. The clarity and direction of your thinking can tell a lot about the company’s market position and opportunity you’re out to tackle, as well as your future priorities. Here, introspection and self-awareness shine.

Having a people-driven mindset is helpful because it has multiple natural side benefits. Networking requires us to build relationships with individuals beyond the short-term, casting a net that can include VCs as well as future startup customers or potential hires. Networking with VCs may also suggest you meet with others and while these introductions may not be directly about fundraising, they can help you get exposure to potential customers, team members, and advisors for input on your tech, business, and model. This leads to opportunities to learn and refine your approach from diverse perspectives.

What do you value most in an entrepreneur you want to invest in?

The traits that I find most important in entrepreneurs are subject matter expertise and the know-how to execute. Prior experience as an entrepreneur with a track record of building commercial offerings successfully commercialized and adopted by customers will allow for deep domain knowledge of the sector that they’re working in, which is very important when scaling organizations. In my experience, serial entrepreneurs typically have a leg up compared to first-timers.

That being said, all of this doesn’t matter if an entrepreneur doesn’t know how to lead. The ability to recruit and retain high quality talent, and then continuing to work with them to grow as the organization expands is a very important trait that is paramount to the success of any organization.

What advice would you give to European and Israeli companies trying to get funding in the US?

Forgepoint partners with emerging companies from Croatia to Mexico, Madrid to Tel Aviv, and has been actively tracking thousands of companies worldwide. It is abundantly clear that the cyber ecosystems across Europe, Latin America and Israel have an incredibly rich talent pool, strong demand signal and robust capital accessibility – and that cybersecurity is a growing, global problem.

While the current macro environment is challenging, organizations looking to get funding in the US will succeed if their product and complete offering solve a demonstrated need in the market. When it comes down to it, it’s all about five fundamentals:

  • Large market opportunity
  • Differentiated offerings that are hard to replicate
  • Sound go-to-market strategy
  • Ensuring the right team is in place
  • Product market fit as demonstrated by early customer traction

Israeli and European companies trying to get funding in the US should be able to clearly speak to these fundamentals, demonstrating how they’ll incorporate the US into their go-to-market and growth plans as they partner with investors, form channel alliances, and further develop their businesses. Thinking this through can be enormously helpful in identifying which VCs to approach – which will bring value and help augment your business.

Start-Up Secure: Baking Cybersecurity into Your Company from Founding to Exit

Start-Up Secure: Baking Cybersecurity into Your Company from Founding to Exit by [Chris Castaldo]

Tags: cybersecurity investments, Forgepoint Capital, investment, Start-Up Secure

Oct 13 2022

What You Need for a Strong Security Posture

Category: Attack Matrix,cyber security,Information SecurityDISC @ 12:40 pm

From the basics to advanced techniques, here’s what you should know.

Cybersecurity concept art
Source: Rancz Andrei via Alamy Stock Photo

Cybersecurity has been compared to a never-ending game of whack-a-mole, with an ever-changing cast of threats and threat actors. While the attacks that make headlines may change from year to year, the basic fact remains: Any network, no matter how obscure the organization it supports, most likely will come under attack at some point. Thus, attaining and maintaining a strong security posture is of critical importance for organizations of any size.

An organization’s security posture, however, is constantly changing. Employees join or leave the company; endpoints are added and discarded; and network and security technologies are deployed, decommissioned, configured, and updated. Each change in network elements can represent a potential attack vector for malware and other threats.

That’s why security teams should review their security processes periodically and keep aligned with new developments in defensive and offensive testing and modeling. Doing so can help move the needle on security maturity from the most basic to an advanced, much stronger security posture, and from a reactive to a proactive model.

The Basics: Vulnerability Scanning

The first step most IT organizations undertake is vulnerability scanning, which seeks out potential weaknesses in the network and endpoints that could be exploited by attackers. There’s a wide variety of scanners available as open source or commercial software, as managed services, and on cloud platforms like AWS and Alibaba. Some of the more popular scanners include Nessus, Burp Suite, Nmap, and Qualys, though each has its own area of focus. Several offer automatic patch remediation, as well.

Another consideration is whether to perform an external scan — which can discover potential vulnerabilities that hackers can exploit — or internal scanning that can find potential paths attackers would take once inside the network. Many, if not most, IT teams will do both.

While vulnerability scanning is relatively easy to use, it’s not the end-all, be-all of a security strategy. For example, scanning might not detect subtle misconfigurations or the more complicated attack paths that advanced persistent threats (APTs) might take. They’re also often prone to false positives and must be updated consistently.

Overall, though, vulnerability scanning is an important baseline step. Once it’s running well, the next step is penetration testing.

Penetration Testing

Penetration testing typically entails human ethical hackers who attempt to gain access to the network interior, much as an outside hacker would. Here, too, there’s a wide variety of tools and services available — many of the aforementioned vulnerability scanners offer tools that can be used in pen testing. Others include Metasploit, Kali Linux,, and Acunetix.

Run periodically, pen testing can uncover weaknesses that aren’t found by vulnerability scanners. Furthermore, human-managed pen testing can explore more complex pathways and technique combinations that hackers increasingly leverage to exploit victims, such as phishing.

Not surprisingly, the biggest trends impacting networking and cybersecurity are essentially the same trends noted in penetration testing this year: rampant ransomware attacks, the newly distributed workforce, and the rise of Web applications and cloud usage to support remote workers. Each of these trends will require thoughtful consideration in choosing tools and designing plans for penetration testing.

While penetration testing can provide a great deal of benefit, it’s a good idea to periodically review the wealth of information on best practices available online.

Red Team/Purple Team

The third step in the quest for security maturity is usually the establishment of a red team that will manually attempt to attack and penetrate the organization’s security defenses. This may be a completely separate team, or it may be closely allied with the blue team (the defenders) in a combination called a purple team. As another option, some vendors offer red-team services on a subscription or one-off basis.

A red team will imitate the tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) that attackers use — which usually turns up more points of vulnerability than penetration testing can reveal. The blue team can then begin to resolve these weaknesses, further hardening the network against attack.

But too often, red and blue teams devolve into an adversarial relationship that’s counterproductive. It’s also quite expensive to set up a red team, and given the shortage of cybersecurity professionals, it may not be feasible. Therefore, many CISOs are investigating two newer trends: adversary emulation and adversary simulation.

Using Adversary TTPs for Good

There are vast, freely available libraries of common tactics, techniques, and procedures used during attacks, such as MITRE’s ATT&CK framework. Adversary emulation and simulation leverage these libraries to evaluate security based on intelligence for specific attacks and then simulating the TTPs used.

For example, MITRE developed a sample adversary emulation plan for APT3, an advanced persistent threat that previously targeted mostly US entities. The emulation plan covers three phases from command-and-control setup to initial access; from host compromise through to execution; and data collection through exfiltration. The Center for Threat-Informed Defense has posted other emulation plans.

Adversary emulation lets security teams assess their defenses against real-world attacks. It can also be used to test the security infrastructure’s detection and response rates.

Looking Ahead

Security vendors are moving beyond simply advocating the concept of MITRE’s ATT&CK and MITRE Shield. Many vendors are leveraging one or both to improve their own products and services. For example, some security vendors map anomalies and events to the ATT&CK framework, making it easier for security teams to respond.

MITRE’s CALDERA also deserves attention. It provides an intelligent, automated adversary emulation system that can be programmed for a specific attack profile and launched into the network to test its defenses. Caldera can also be used to train blue teams on detecting and remediating specific attacks.

There are also open source projects for adversary behavior simulation in development. A few of them of note include Uber’s Metta, Nextron Systems’ APT Simulator, Elastic/Endgame’s Red Team Automation, CyberMonitor’s Invoke-Adversary, and Red Canary’s Atomic Red Team.


Keeping abreast of developments in key security processes is important for security teams as they strive to defend the network against changing threats. By so doing, they can move the organization closer to a far stronger security posture.


Tags: Security Posture

Sep 19 2022

SMBs are hardest-hit by ransomware

Category: cyber securityDISC @ 8:21 am

Coalition announced the mid-year update to its 2022 Cyber Claims Report detailing the evolution of cyber trends, revealinig that small businesses have become bigger targets, overall incidents are down, and ransomware attacks are declining as demands go unpaid.

During the first half of 2022, the average cost of a claim for a small business owner increased to $139,000, which is 58% higher than levels during the first half of 2021.

“Across industries, we continue to see high-profile attacks targeting organizations with weak or exposed infrastructure — which has become exacerbated by today’s remote working culture and companies’ dependence on third-party vendors,” said Catherine Lyle, Coalition’s Head of Claims.

“Small businesses are especially vulnerable because they often lack resources. For these businesses, avoiding downtime and disruption is essential, and they must understand that Active Insurance is accessible.”

The good news: both Coalition and the broader insurance industry observed a decrease in ransomware attack frequency and the amount of ransom demanded between the second half of 2021 and the first half of 2022. Ransomware demands decreased from $1.37M in H2 2021 to $896,000 in H1 2022. Of the incidents that resulted in a payment, Coalition negotiated down to roughly 20% of the initial demand.

More good news: Coalition policyholders experienced 50% fewer claims compared to the broader market. The severity of these claims has also declined, with 45% of incidents resolved at no cost. The substantial decrease in overall claims stems from Coalition’s combination of cybersecurity tools, including active monitoring and alerting, access to digital forensics and incident response, and broad insurance coverage.

“Organizations are increasingly aware of the threat ransomware poses. They have started to implement controls such as offline data backups that allow them to refuse to pay the ransom and restore operations through other means,” said Chris Hendricks, Coalition’s Head of Incident Response. “As ransomware is on the decline, attackers are turning to reliable methods. Phishing, for example, has skyrocketed – and only continues to grow.”

Other key findings:

  • Phishing triggers the majority of cyber incidents, accounting for 57.9% of reported claims
  • Cyber gangs have built a thriving business
  • Funds transfer fraud (FTF) claims have held steady thanks to phishing, and
  • Microsoft Exchange has become the vulnerability that persists.

100 dollars

Cybersecurity for Small and Midsize Businesses

Tags: Cybersecurity for Small and Midsize Businesses, Small and Midsize Businesses, SMB

Aug 29 2022

CISA adds 10 new flaws to its Known Exploited Vulnerabilities Catalog

Category: CISA,cyber security,Information SecurityDISC @ 9:05 am

The U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) added 10 new flaws to its Known Exploited Vulnerabilities Catalog.

The U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) added 10 new vulnerabilities to its Known Exploited Vulnerabilities Catalog, including a high-severity security flaw (

 CVSS score: 7.8) impacting Delta Electronics industrial automation software.

According to Binding Operational Directive (BOD) 22-01: Reducing the Significant Risk of Known Exploited Vulnerabilities, FCEB agencies have to address the identified vulnerabilities by the due date to protect their networks against attacks exploiting the flaws in the catalog.

Experts recommend also private organizations review the Catalog and address the vulnerabilities in their infrastructure.

According to the US agency, Delta Electronics DOPSoft 2 lacks proper validation of user-supplied data when parsing specific project files (improper input validation). An attacker can trigger the flaw to cause an out-of-bounds write and achieve code execution.

It is important to highlight that there are no security patches to fix this issue and that the impacted product is end-of-life.

CISA also added to the catalog a Sanbox Bypass Vulnerability, tracked as CVE-2021-31010 (CVSS score: 7.5), in Apple iOS, macOS, and watchOS.

“In affected versions of Apple iOS, macOS, and watchOS, a sandboxed process may be able to circumvent sandbox restrictions.” reads the advisory.

The other vulnerabilities added to the catalog are:

  • CVE-2022-26352 â€“ dotCMS Unrestricted Upload of File Vulnerability
  • CVE-2022-24706 â€“ Apache CouchDB Insecure Default Initialization of Resource Vulnerability
  • CVE-2022-24112 â€“ Apache APISIX Authentication Bypass Vulnerability
  • CVE-2022-22963 â€“ VMware Tanzu Spring Cloud Function Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
  • CVE-2022-2294 â€“ WebRTC Heap Buffer Overflow Vulnerability
  • CVE-2021-39226 â€“ Grafana Authentication Bypass Vulnerability
  • CVE-2020-36193 â€“ PEAR Archive_Tar Improper Link Resolution Vulnerability
  • CVE-2020-28949 â€“ PEAR Archive_Tar Deserialization of Untrusted Data Vulnerability

CISA orders federal agencies to fix these vulnerabilities by September 15, 2022.

CISA Known Exploited Vulnerabilities Catalog

CISA Cybersecurity Alerts

CyberWire Inc. (Author)Flash cybersecurity advisories from the US Government. These alerts provide timely technical and operational information, indicators of compromise, and mitigations for current major security threats, vulnerabilities, and exploits. These alerts have been edited and adapted for audio by The CyberWire as a public service.

Free podcast:

CISA Cybersecurity Alerts

Tags: CISA, CISA Cybersecurity, CISA Cybersecurity Alerts

Aug 28 2022

Digital Ethics Book Bundle

Category: cyber security,Information SecurityDISC @ 12:53 pm
Digital Ethics Book Bundle

As technology advances, so must our ability to use such technology ethically. The rise of AI (artificial intelligence) and big data raises concerns about data privacy and cyber security. ITG have combined their latest titles into one bundle, saving you 20% – ideal for bank holiday reading.

Digital Ethics Book Bundle Understand the growing social, ethical and security concerns of advancing technology with this new collection:

Digital Earth – Cyber threats, privacy and ethics in an age of paranoia

Artificial Intelligence – Ethical, social, and security impacts for the present and the future

The Art of Cyber Security – A practical guide to winning the war on cyber crime

Save 20% when you buy the Digital Ethics Book Bundle online (RRP: ÂŁ80.85).
Digital Ethics Book Bundle
Buy now

Tags: Digital Ethics

Next Page »