Sep 18 2023

FBI HACKER USDOD LEAKS HIGHLY SENSITIVE TRANSUNION DATA

Category: Data Breach,data security,Hackingdisc7 @ 11:36 am

Researchers from vx-underground reported that FBI hacker ‘USDoD‘ leaked sensitive data from consumer credit reporting agency TransUnion.

TransUnion is an American consumer credit reporting agency. TransUnion collects and aggregates information on over one billion individual consumers in over thirty countries, including “200 million files profiling nearly every credit-active consumer in the United States”.

A threat actor who goes by the moniker “USDoD” announced the leak of highly sensitive data allegedly stolen from the credit reporting agency. The leaked database, over 3GB in size, contains sensitive PII of about 58,505 people, all across the globe, including the America and Europe

According to researchers vx-underground who reported the leak, the archive contains data that dates back to March 2nd, 2022, which could be the data of the data breach.

This leaked database has information on individuals all across the globe including the Americas (North and South), as well as Europe

vx-underground states that leaked data includes individual first name, last name, Internal TransUnion identifiers, sex, passport information, place of birth, date of birth, civil status, age, current employer, information on their employer, a summary of financial transactions, credit score, loans in their name, remaining balances on the loans, where they got the loan from, when TransUnion first began monitoring their information.

The name USDoD is well known in the cyber security sector, it was also listed in the indictment for the notorious owner of the BreachForums cybercrime forum Pompompurinvx-underground pointed out that they are believed to be behind many other high-profile security breaches.

Recently, The multinational aerospace corporation Airbus announced that it is investigating a data leak after cybersecurity firm Hudson Rock reported that a hacker posted information on thousands of the company’s vendors to the dark web.

USDoD” announced he had gained access to an Airbus web portal by compromising the account of a Turkish airline employee.

The hacker claimed to have details on thousands of Airbus vendors. The threat actors obtained the personal information of 3,200 individuals associated with Airbus vendors, exposed data include names, job titles, addresses, email addresses, and phone numbers. 

In December 2022, the FBI’s InfraGard US Critical Infrastructure Intelligence portal was hacked and a database containing the contact details of more than 80,000 high-profile private sector individuals was offered for sale by USDoD on the Breached cybercrime forum.

After the law enforcement shutdown of “Breached” forum, its members, including “USDoD,” moved to other platforms such as “BreachForums.”

“USDoD” posted two threads on this new forum, one to announce they have joined the notorious ransomware group Ransomed. In the second threat, the hacker exposed the personal information of 3,200 sensitive Airbus vendors. USDoD also warned that Lockheed Martin and Raytheon might be the next targets.

“Threat actors typically refrain from revealing their intrusion techniques, however in this exceptionally rare leak, “USDoD” revealed they gained access to Airbus’s data by exploiting “employee access from a Turkish Airline”.” reported Hudson Rock. “Using this information, Hudson Rock researchers succeeded to trace the mentioned employee access — a Turkish computer infected with an info-stealing malware in August 2023.”

According to the researchers, the computer of the victim was likely infected with the RedLine stealer after he attempted to download a pirated version of the Microsoft .NET framework.

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Tags: SENSITIVE TRANSUNION DATA


Sep 18 2023

Microsoft AI researchers accidentally exposed terabytes of internal sensitive data

Category: AI,Data Breachdisc7 @ 8:46 am

Researchers find a GitHub repository belonging to Microsoft’s AI research unit that exposed 38TB of sensitive data, including secret keys and Teams chat logs — Microsoft AI researchers accidentally exposed tens of terabytes of sensitive data, including private keys and passwords …


Aug 18 2023

What Are Your Data Breach Notification Requirements?

Category: Data Breachdisc7 @ 9:47 am

Data breach notification requirements are complex in the US, with various federal and state laws containing different requirements for when security incidents must be disclosed.

Some even have substantially different definitions for what a ‘data breach’ or ‘personal data’ is.

As such, it can be hard to know whether you need to report an incident, let alone how you should go about it.

We address these issues in this blog, bringing some much-needed clarity to the subject.

State laws on data breach notification

There is no single set of data protection laws in the U.S., with the rules instead comprised of a patchwork of industry-specific federal laws and state legislation.

To complicate matters further, several states have created new laws in recent years to bolster data protection requirements. For instance, New York has created the SHIELD Act, while Colorado and California have both created data privacy legislation.

Elsewhere, the U.S. government is attempting to unify data protection requirements with its National Cybersecurity Strategy.

The decision to revise data protection laws follows the introduction of the EU GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) in 2018, which radically shifted organizations’ requirements.

Organizations in the U.S. that process EU residents’ personal data are required to comply with the GDPR, and those that conduct business across state lines will face similar compliance challenges.

You can find a summary of each state’s federal data breach notification laws on our website, along with links to the texts themselves.

The GDPR is particularly important here, because many organizations in the U.S. assume that it only applies in the EU. However, its requirements apply to any organization that processes EU residents’ personal data, which is particularly common for organizations that have an online presence.

GDPR compliance is also helpful for managing patchwork of U.S. data protection legislations. Its requirements are far stricter than any domestic laws, so achieving GDPR compliance will cover you for a range of other requirements.

You can learn more about the GDPR and the ways it can help you meet your data protection requirements by reading General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) – A compliance guide for the US.

This free guide explains how and when the GDPR applies in the U.S. and the steps you can take to ensure your organization meets its transatlantic data processing practices.

You’ll also learn about the Regulation’s core principles and data subject rights, and the benefits of GDPR compliance.

We also provide tips on how to write your data privacy notice and give you tips on how to further your understanding of its compliance requirements.

Download now

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Tags: CPRA, Data Breach Notification Requirements, Data Privacy Solutions, gdpr, hipaa


May 29 2023

WANT TO OWN A TESLA OR ALREADY OWN ONE, CHECK THIS MASSIVE CONFIDENTIAL DATA BREACH OF TESLA

Category: Data BreachDISC @ 10:43 am

The research that was published in the German daily Handelsblatt said that customers of Tesla Inc. lodged over 2,400 complaints about difficulties with self-acceleration and 1,500 complaints regarding issues with brakes between the years of 2015 and March 2022.

According to reports, a big data dump that was based on a whistleblower’s breach of internal Tesla papers suggests that problems with Tesla’s autonomous driving system may be considerably more frequent than authorities and the media have suggested. This was discovered after the whistleblower gained unauthorized access to internal Tesla documents.

According to information that was taken from Tesla’s information technology (IT) system, complaints against these Full Self Driving (FSD) capabilities originated from all over the globe, including the United States of America, Europe, and Asia.

Particularly, in an article titled “My autopilot almost killed me,” Handelsblatt reported receiving 100 terabytes of data and 23,000 files. Within those files were 3,000 entries highlighting consumers’ safety concerns and tales of more than 1,000 crashes.

The publisher included a note stating that the data includes the phone numbers of customers.

According to the hundreds of clients that Handelsblatt is claimed to have contacted, the fears were quite serious.

According to one man from Michigan, his Tesla “suddenly braked hard, as hard as you can imagine.” When I was ordered to fasten my seatbelt, the vehicle was on the verge of coming to a complete halt. I was then struck by a second car.

The files were shown to the Fraunhofer Institute for Secure Information Technology by Handelsblatt. The institute concluded that there is no reason to presume that “the data set does not come from IT systems belonging to or in the environment of Tesla.”

Employees are instructed that, unless lawyers are involved, they should not deliver written comments but rather should convey them “VERBALLY to the customer.” Unless attorneys are involved, written critiques should not be given.

The post quotes the instructions as saying, “Do not copy and paste the report below into an email, text message, or leave it in a voicemail to the customer,” and it is clear that this is a requirement.

An report featured a doctor from California who said that her Tesla accelerated on its own in the autumn of 2021 and smashed into two concrete pillars. She noted that the company never sent emails and that everything was always communicated verbally.

According to the attorneys for Tesla, the news organization is required to provide a copy of the data to Tesla, and all other copies of the data must be destroyed. The attorneys for Tesla also warned legal action “for the theft of confidential and personal data.”

According to reports, the alleged papers would undoubtedly be important to current wrongful death lawsuits made against Tesla. These claims assert that the company’s technology has significant safety faults. Additionally, they may compel local, state, and federal authorities to take action.

The state’s data protection officer, Dagmar Hartge, recognized the seriousness of the allegations and pointed out that, should the allegations prove to be accurate, the data breach would have significant repercussions on a worldwide scale. The situation has been sent to privacy advocates in the Netherlands so that additional investigation might be conducted.

“Tesla takes the protection of its proprietary and confidential information, as well as the privacy of its employees and customers, very seriously.” “We intend to initiate legal proceedings against this individual for his theft of Tesla’s confidential information and employees’ personal data,” Tesla stated in a response that was reported by the publication. The statement was made in reaction to the theft of sensitive information and personal data pertaining to Tesla employees.

The Chinese regulatory authorities have already started to take action. Approximately two weeks ago, Tesla was forced to provide an emergency software update for the majority of the automobiles it has sold in China as a direct result of problems with unexpected and sudden acceleration.

Since 2016, Musk has made many claims that his self-driving vehicles would be really autonomous, but he has not delivered on those claims.

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Tags: data privacy, TESLA, Tesla Remotely Hacked


May 08 2023

1M NextGen Patient Records Compromised in Data Breach

Category: Data Breach,hipaa,Ransomwaredisc7 @ 1:44 pm

BlackCat ransomware operators reportedly stole the sensitive data.

Source: Kristoffer Tripplaar via Alamy Stock Photo

https://www.darkreading.com/application-security/1m-nextgen-healthcare-patient-records-stolen-

A database containing the personal information of more than 1 million people was stolen from NextGen Healthcare, Inc., a provider of cloud-based healthcare technology.

NextGen Heathcare provided a disclosure to the Maine Attorney General’s office that said the breach occurred on March 29 and lasted through April 14. The compromise was discovered on April 24, the company reported.

The compromise occurred due to “unauthorized access to database stemming from use of stolen client credentials that appear to have been stolen from other sources or incidents unrelated to NextGen,” the healthcare technology provider said.

Samples of NextGen’s stolen data reportedly popped up on ransomware operator BlackCat’s leak site, but were later removed without explanation.

NextGen’s disclosure indicated the databased contained “name or other personal identifier in combination with Social Security Number.”

NextGen had not responded to Dark Reading’s request for comment at the time of this post.

NextGen Breach Follow-on Attacks Likely

The NextGen breach poses a major threat to its victims, according to Tom Kellermann, senior vice president of cyber strategy at Contrast Security.

“This is a massive cybercrime which will result in widespread identity theft,” Kellermann said in a statement provided to Dark Reading. “Healthcare providers have long been preferred targets by cybercriminals who specialize in identity theft due to two reasons: First they have woeful inadequate cybersecurity and second, they store the most sensitive PII.”

In 2021, there were more data breaches of healthcare-related organizations than any other sector, accounting for 24% of all cybersecurity incidents, according to Steve Gwizdala, vice president of healthcare at ForgeRock.

“Vigilance and new ways of enhancing cybersecurity measures will be crucial to healthcare organizations and businesses responsible for protecting the personal information of consumers stored online — across the entire supply chain,” Gwizdala said in a statement.

Research Anthology on Securing Medical Systems and Records

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Tags: Patient Records Compromised


Apr 13 2023

AGAIN HYUNDAI AND TOYOTA LEAK CUSTOMER PERSONAL DATA

Category: Data Breach,data security,PIIDISC @ 8:22 am

Hackers were able to acquire access to individuals’ personal information after Hyundai announced a data breach that affected vehicle owners in Italy and France as well as those who had scheduled test drives with the automaker. According to Troy Hunt, the author of the website “HaveIBeenPwned,” the event has caused the personal data of clients  to become public.

The letter also makes it clear that the individual who hacked into Hyundai’s database did not take any financial information or identifying numbers. It is unknown how many Hyundai customers have been impacted by this event, how long the network attack lasted, or what additional nations may be at risk. Customers of a South Korean automobile manufacturer are being cautioned to be wary of unsolicited e-mails and SMS messages that pretend to come from the company. These communications might be efforts at phishing or social engineering. In response to the incident, Hyundai claims it has enlisted the help of information technology specialists, who have taken the affected systems down while new security measures are put into place. In February of 2023, the business released emergency software patches for a number of car models that had been compromised by a simple hack with a USB cable, which had made it possible for criminals to take the vehicles.

On the other hand, the Japanese automaker Toyota has admitted that there may have been a breach of consumer data due to security flaws at its operations in Italy. Throughout the course of more than one and a half years, up until this past March, Toyota Italy carelessly disclosed confidential information. In particular, it divulged confidential information on its Salesforce Marketing Cloud and Mapbox APIs. Threat actors might utilize this information to their advantage to acquire access to the telephone numbers and email addresses of Toyota customers and then use those details to start phishing attacks on those customers. According to the findings of the research team at Cybernews, the organization exposed credentials to the Salesforce Marketing Cloud, which is a supplier of software and services related to digital marketing automation and analytics. Threat actors might get access to phone numbers and email addresses, as well as customer monitoring information, as well as the contents of email, SMS, and push-notification messages by abusing the data. Moreover, Toyota Italy exposed the application programming interface (API) tokens for the software business Mapbox. These tokens were used to access map data. Although while the data is not as sensitive as the credentials for the Salesforce Marketing Cloud, it is still possible for threat actors to misuse it in order to query a large number of queries and drive up Toyota’s API use costs.

Toyota is not the only automaker that has lately put itself as well as its consumers in Italy in a vulnerable position. In January of this year, the Indian branch of Toyota Motor announced a data breach, claiming that it was possible that the personal information of some of its customers had been exposed.

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Tags: Hyundai, LEAK CUSTOMER PERSONAL DATA, Toyota


Mar 20 2023

NBA Cyber Incident – Fans’ Personal Information Exposed

Category: Data Breach,PII,Security BreachDISC @ 12:05 pm

As a result of a recent data breach, the NBA notified all its fans about the fact that a significant amount of personal information was compromised.

While using the information gathered, phishing attacks can be conducted by the threat actors on the individuals who have been affected. A third-party newsletter service was said to be holding the personal information exposed in the leak.

In addition to managing five professional sports leagues, the NBA also manages a media organization. And here below, we have listed those five sports leagues:-

  • NBA
  • WNBA
  • Basketball Africa League
  • NBA G League
  • NBA 2K League

In over 215 countries and territories worldwide, with over 50 languages spoken, NBA programming and games are broadcast worldwide.

NBA Cyber Incident

A number of fans have been notified of the cyber security incident through an email sent out with the tag “Notice of Cybersecurity Incident.”

According to the NBA, neither its systems nor the credentials of the fans affected by the incident were compromised. But, some theft of the personal information belonged to some fans.

Further, the association reported that the names and email addresses were accessed and copied by an unauthorized third party. But, in this instance, sensitive information, such as usernames and passwords, was not exposed.

Apart from this, a third-party provider and an external cybersecurity service are being engaged by the NBA to assist in the investigation of the issue to know the extent of the impact and resolve the issue as soon as possible.

NBA warned fans of phishing attacks

NBA warned that phishing attacks and various scams could be targeted at the affected individuals due to the sensitive nature of the data involved, reported Bleeping Computer.

It was strongly recommended to the affected fans that they remain vigilant when they open any suspicious emails that they receive. In the notification emails, the NBA informs fans that it will never send them an email asking for any of this information:-

  • Other account information
  • Usernames
  • Passwords

It is also recommended for fans who have been impacted verify the authenticity of any emails they receive by ensuring that the sender’s email address ends with “@nba.com.” 

Check that the embedded links point to a trustworthy website, and don’t open email attachments that they haven’t been expecting to receive.

NBA Cyber Incident

NBA warns fans over data breach, personal details copied

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Tags: NBA Cyber Incident


Mar 16 2023

Multiple threat actors exploited Progress Telerik bug to breach U.S. federal agency

Category: Data Breach,Security BreachDISC @ 9:00 am

Multiple threat actors exploited a critical flaw in Progress Telerik to breach an unnamed US federal agency, said the US government.

joint advisory issued by the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and Multi-State Information Sharing and Analysis Center (MS-ISAC) revealed that multiple threat actors, including a nation-state actor, exploited a critical vulnerability in Progress Telerik to breach an unnamed US federal agency.

The three-year-old vulnerability, tracked as CVE-2019-18935 (CVSS score: 9.8), is a .NET deserialization issue that resides in the Progress Telerik UI for ASP.NET AJAX. Exploitation can result in remote code execution.

“CISA analysts determined that multiple cyber threat actors, including an Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) actor, exploited a .NET deserialization vulnerability in Progress Telerik user interface for ASP.NET AJAX. Exploitation of this vulnerability allowed malicious actors to successfully execute remote code on a federal civilian executive branch (FCEB) agency’s Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS) web server.” reads the advisory. “Actors were then able to upload malicious dynamic-link library (DLL) files (some masqueraded as portable network graphics [PNG] files) to the C:\Windows\Temp\ directory.” 

Threat actors exploited the vulnerability to execute arbitrary code on a Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS) web server used by a federal civilian executive branch (FCEB) agency.

In 2020 and 2021, this flaw was included by the US National Security Agency (NSA) in the list of the top 25 vulnerabilities exploited by Chinese state-sponsored hacking groups in attacks in the wild.

The flaw was also used in the past by the NetWalker ransomware gang in its operations.

The joint alert recommends network defenders review the Malware Analysis Report, MAR-10413062-1.v1 Telerik Vulnerability in U.S. Government IIS Server, to reference CISA’s analysis for the identified malicious files.

According to the MAR, CISA received 18 files for analysis from a forensic analysis engagement conducted at a Federal Civilian Executive Branch (FCEB) agency. Experts reported that 11 of the dynamic link library (DLL) files employed in the attack allows threat actors to read, create, and delete files on the target systems.

“If the DLL contains a hardcoded Internet Protocol (IP) address, status messages will be sent to the IP. One DLL file will attempt to collect the target system’s Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) connection table, and exfiltrate it to a remote Command and Control server (C2).” reads the MAR. “Five of the files drop and decode a reverse shell utility that can send and receive data and commands. In addition, the files drop and decode an Active Server Pages (ASPX) webshell. Two DLL files are capable of loading and executing payloads.”

US CISA has also provided Indicators of Compromise (IOCs) and YARA rules for detection in the Malware Analysis Report (MAR).

CISA Known Exploited Vulnerabilities Catalog Progress Telerik bug

Tags: Telerik bug, U.S. federal agency


Mar 10 2023

US Lawmakers Face Cyberattacks, Potential Physical Harm After DC Health Link Breach

The threat actor who posted the data for sale has claimed credit for multiple other breaches, including one at grocery platform Weee! that exposed data on more than 1.1 million customers.

Jai VijayanContributing Writer, Dark Reading

US House of Representatives seal
Source: Ron Adar via Shutterstock

Hundreds of US lawmakers and their families are at risk of identity theft, financial scams, and potentially even physical threats after a known info-theft threat actor called IntelBroker made House of Representatives members’ personally identifiable information (PII) available for sale on the “Breached” criminal forum.

The information, confirmed as being obtained via a breach at health insurance marketplace DC Health Link, includes names, Social Security numbers, birth dates, addresses, and other sensitive identifying information. The data on the House members was part of a larger data set of PII belonging to more than 170,000 individuals enrolled with DC Health Link that the threat actor put up for sale this week.

DC Health Link: A Significant Breach

In a March 8 email to members of the House and their staff, US House Chief Administrative Officer Catherine Szpindor said the attack on DC Health Link does not appear to have specifically targeted US lawmakers. But the breach was significant and potentially exposed PII on thousands of people enrolled with DC Health Link.

“The FBI also informed us that they were able to purchase this PII, along with other enrollee information, on the Dark Web,” Speaker of the House Kevin McCarthy (R-Calif.) and House Minority Leader Hakeem Jeffries (D-N.Y.) said in a joint letter to the executive director at DC Health Link on March 8. The letter sought specifics from the health exchange on the breach, including details on the full scope of the attack and DC Health Link’s plans to notify affected individuals and offer credit monitoring services for them.

Despite the letter, details of the intrusion at DC Health Link are not yet available. The organization, governed by an executive board appointed by the DC mayor, did not immediately respond to a request for comment on the incident.

A report in BleepingComputer this week first identified the threat actor as the appropriately named IntelBroker, after the cybercriminals put the stolen data up for sale on March 6. According to the underground forum ad, the data set is available for “an undisclosed amount in Monero cryptocurrency.” Interested parties are asked to contact the sellers via a middleman for details.

IntelBroker’s Resume of Previous Breaches

This is not the first big heist for the group: A threat actor, using the same moniker in February, had claimed credit for a breach at Weee!, an Asian and Hispanic food delivery service. IntelBroker later leaked some 1.1 million unique email addresses and detailed information on over 11.3 million orders placed via the service. 

Security vendor BitDefender, which covered the incident in its blog at the time, published an ad that IntelBroker placed on BreachedForums that showed the attacker boasting about obtaining full names, email addresses, phone number, and even order notes which included apartment and building access codes.

Meanwhile, Chris Strand, chief risk and compliance officer at Cybersixgill says his company has been tracking IntelBroker since 2022 and is about to release a report on the actor. “IntelBroker is a highly active Breached member with an 9/10 reputation score, who claimed in the past to be the developer of Endurance ransomware,” Strand says.

IntelBroker’s use of Breached to sell the health exchange PII, instead of a dedicated leak site or a Telegram channel, is consistent with the threat actor’s previous tactics. It suggests either a lack of resources or inexperience on the individual’s part, Strand says. 

“In addition to IntelBroker’s presence on Breached, the threat actor has maintained a public GitHub repository titled Endurance-Wiper,” he tells Dark Reading.

In November, IntelBroker claimed that it used Endurance to steal data from high level US government agencies, Strand notes. The threat actor has in total made some 13 claims about breaching top US government agencies, likely to attract customers to a ransomware-as-a-service (RaaS) program. Other organizations that IntelBroker claims to have broken into include Volvo, cult footwear maker Dr. Martens, and an Indonesian subsidiary of The Body Shop.

“Our intelligence analysts have been tracking IntelBroker since 2022, and we have been collecting intel attributed to that threat actor since then, as well as associated threats that have been related or attributed to IntelBroker,” Strand says.

Is House Members’ PII a National Security Threat?

Justin Fier, senior vice president of red team operations at Darktrace, says the threat actor’s reason for putting the data up for sale appears to be purely financially motivated rather than political. And given the high profile of the victims, IntelBroker may find that the attention the breach is garnering will increase the value of the stolen data (or bring more heat than it would like).

The buyers might be another story. Given the availability of physical addresses and electronic contact information, the kinds of potential follow-on attacks are myriad, ranging from social engineering for identity theft or espionage, to physical targeting, meaning that interested parties could run the gamut in terms of motivation.

“The amount tells you a great deal about who they may be thinking of in terms of buyers,” he says. If all that the threat actor ends up asking is a couple of thousand dollars, they are likely to be a smaller criminal enterprise. But “you start talking millions, they are clearly then catering to nation-state buyers,” he says.

Fier assesses that the data that the threat actor stole on US House members as potentially posing a national security issue. “We shouldn’t only think external nation-states that might want to purchase this,” Fier says. “Who is to say that other political parties and/or activists couldn’t weaponize it?”

https://www.darkreading.com/application-security/us-lawmakers-cyberattacks-physical-harm-dc-health-link-breach

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Tags: Cyberattacks, US Lawmakers


Feb 28 2023

HACKERS HAD CONTROL OF DOW JONES, FOX NEWS, THE SUN, AND MARKETWATCH COMPANIES NETWORKS FOR 2 YEARS

Category: Data Breach,data securityDISC @ 9:44 am

it is not uncommon for large organizations to face cyber attacks or data breaches, and it is important for them to have strong cybersecurity measures in place to prevent such incidents and mitigate their impact if they do occur. However, If such an incident did occur, the affected companies would likely conduct a thorough investigation and take appropriate steps to address the situation and prevent similar incidents from happening in the future.

The massive media and publishing business News Corp reported a data breach in February 2022, disclosing that its journalists had been the focus of an attack on a software supply chain. The breach revealed that the journalists had been hacked. The assets owned by News Corp. include a variety of prominent news sources, such as Dow Jones, FOX News, The Sun, and MarketWatch, amongst others. It is important to note that in March of 2019, the Dow Jones made news for disclosing a “screening list” that included critical information on terrorists, criminals, and shady enterprises. This information included names, addresses, and phone numbers. 

The leak of thirteen million data took place on the FOX News website in April of 2022. The fifty-eight terabytes’ worth of information consisted of a variety of different things, including the company’s internal documents, the personally identifiable information (PII) of its workers, and many other things. Prior to the time when the firm was made aware of the occurrence, these documents continued to be accessible to the general public.

Today, the business has disclosed new information saying that the security breach really took place in February of 2020. This indicates that the hackers were present on the network for a period of two years before being discovered. Mandiant, which is now owned by Google, was the cybersecurity company that helped News Corp. back then. Because the perpetrators had access to the system for two years before they were discovered, it is highly likely that they were able to get away with stealing more information than was initially thought. Since no one knew it had been stolen, they would not have been on heightened alert for any potential attacks during that time.

The firm disclosed in a breach notice that the threat actors responsible for the incident gained access to its email and document storage system. This system is used by a variety of News Corp companies. The impacted workers’ personal and health information was obtained; nevertheless, the corporation has said that it does not seem that the activity was centered on exploiting personal information in any way.
The Wall Street Journal, the New York Post, and its news operations in the United Kingdom were among the News Corp publications that were compromised as a result of the security hack. Names, birth dates, social security numbers, driver’s license numbers, passport numbers, information about bank accounts, as well as information on medical and health insurance, were some of the pieces of personally identifiable information that were accessed.

News Corporation has indicated in the past that the assailants had links to China and were probably engaged in espionage operations to gather information for the benefit of China’s objectives.

The New York Post admitted that it had been hacked in October 2022, after discovering that its website and Twitter account had been exploited to distribute inappropriate information that targeted a number of different politicians in the United States. The newspaper eventually disclosed that one of its own workers was responsible for the incident, and that individual was terminated once their role in the scandal was uncovered.

Tags: DOW JONES, FOX NEWS, THE SUN


Feb 27 2023

Hacker Claim Telecom Provider Data Including Source Code, Employee Data Stolen

Category: Data Breach,HackingDISC @ 11:29 am

Telus, a Canadian national telecommunications company is looking into whether employees’ data as well as the source code for the system were stolen and then sold on a dark web marketplace.

Subsequently, the threat actor published screenshots that appear to depict the company’s payroll data and private source code repositories.

“We are investigating claims that a small amount of data related to internal Telus source code and select Telus team members’ information has appeared on the dark web,” Richard Gilhooley, director of public affairs at Telus said in an email. 

“We can confirm that to this point our investigation, which we launched as soon as we were made aware of the incident, has not identified any corporate or retail customer data.”

Source Code, Employee Data Stolen

A threat actor offered what they claimed to be TELUS’ employee list (including names and email addresses) for sale on a data breach forum on February 17.

“Today we’re selling email lists of Telus employees from a very recent breach. We have over 76k unique emails and on top of this have internal information associated with each employee scraped from Telus’ API”, the forum post says.

The post provides what looks to be a list of email addresses for Telus employees as proof. “It isn’t known if these are the current or former staff — or even real”.

Later on Tuesday, February 21, the same threat actor published a new forum post with an offer to sell TELUS’ private GitHub repositories, source code, and payroll data.

“In the repositories are the backend, frontend, middleware [information,] AWS keys, Google auth keys, Source Code, Testing Apps, Staging/Prod/testing, and more!” says the seller’s latest post.

Forum post with TELUS sample data set
The claimed TELUS data and source code are posted in a second forum post

The seller also stated that the company’s “sim-swap-api,” which is supposed to allow attackers to conduct SIM swap attacks, was included in the stolen source code.

Despite the malicious attacker calling this a “Full breach” and stating that they will sell “anything related to Telus,” it is still too soon to say whether an event actually happened at TELUS or whether a breach at a third-party vendor actually occurred.

“It’s important to note that it’s not clear whether the data being sold is real”, commented Brett Callow, a British Columbia-based threat analyst for Emsisoft. 

“If it is real, this is a potentially serious incident which exposes Telus’ employees to increased risk of phishing and social engineering and, by extension, exposes the company’s customers to risk”. 

“The alleged exposure of the private Github repositories, supposedly including a sim-swap API, represents an additional tier of potentially significant risk.”

Tags: data breach, telecom security incidents


Jan 05 2023

Volvo Cars Suffered A New Data Breach? Data Published On Hacking Forum

Category: cyber security,Data BreachDISC @ 11:19 am

According to a post on a well-known hacker forum, Volvo Cars has experienced a new data breach, with stolen information allegedly being made available for sale.

Anis Haboubi, a French cybersecurity expert, was the first to discover that a threat actor was seeking to sell data purportedly taken from Volvo Cars on a well-known hacking site.

On December 31, 2022, a forum member operating online with the moniker IntelBroker reported that VOLVO CARS had been the target of a ransomware attack. He alleges that the Endurance Ransomware gang attacked the company and stole 200GB of private information that is now being sold.

The seller mentioned that he doesn’t demand a ransom because he thinks the victim won’t pay it.

“The company has not been approached with a ransom demand. Based on the information available, the company does not currently see an impact on its business or operations”, according to a Volvo representative.

Volvo breach

IntelBroker is offering the relevant data for $2500 in Monero, and he shared a number of screenshots as evidence of the hack. He forbids any escrow, which is a highly suspicious situation.

According to reports, the leak included sensitive data like access to several of the company’s databases, WiFi logins and points, employee listings, software keys, and other private data.

“I am currently selling the following information:

Database access, CICD access, Atlassian access, domain access, WiFi points, and logins, auth bearers, API, PAC security access, employee lists, software licenses, and keys and system files.” reads the announcement on the hacking forum.

“There is much data on “unresolved” reports of exploits. I have taken them all and they will also be included in this sale.”

It’s notable that the attacker shared screenshots of allegedly stolen data that indicate details about vehicles the company sells to law enforcement agencies, especially in Europe.

Threat actors have set a relatively low price of $2,500 for the dataset, indicating that the data may not be as sensitive as the seller would want.

If genuine, this would be Volvo’s second security compromise in less than 18 months. The company claimed that a “small portion” of its R&D assets had been taken during the breach in late 2021.

Hence, it’s unclear at this moment whether the seller is seeking to sell information from the 2021 data breach or if there has been a new data leak. Some users of the same hacker site said that since last week, the company’s unsecured Citrix access has been exposed online.

Security researchers released their car hacking research discussing vulnerabilities affecting millions of vehicles, and lots of different car companies such as Kia, Toyota, BMW, Rolls Royce, Ferrari, Ford, and many more. If an attacker were able to find vulnerabilities in the API endpoints that vehicle telematics systems used, they could honk the horn, flash the lights, remotely track, lock/unlock, and start/stop vehicles, completely remotely. Their goal was to find vulnerabilities affecting the automotive industry. This write-up details their work exploring the security of telematic systems, automotive APIs, and the infrastructure that supports them. Details: https://samcurry.net/web-hackers-vs-the-auto-industry/

Web Hackers vs. The Auto Industry: Critical Vulnerabilities in Ferrari, BMW, Rolls Royce, Porsche, and More
Details: https://samcurry.net/web-hackers-vs-the-auto-industry/


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Tags: Volvo data breach


Jan 02 2023

3 important changes in how data will be used and treated

Category: Data Breach,Data mining,data securityDISC @ 11:51 am

Regula has presented their vision of the developments that will shape the industry’s landscape in 2023. Deepfakes, new cyber-hygiene norms, and demand for mature ID verification platforms are among some of the predictions for the next year.

While more and more industries move their customer experiences to digital, online identity verification is becoming an essential part of our life. It lets people cope with all sorts of mission-critical activities online: opening bank accounts, applying for benefits, getting insurance payouts, and even getting medical advice.

Still, the security of the digital IDV process is the number one concern that is forming the industry’s landscape and driving the majority of significant changes.

Javelin Strategy & Research reports that in 2022, identity fraud and scams cost $52 billion and affected over 42 million people in the US alone. The rising number of identity fraud cases, along with fraudsters’ hunger for personal information collected by service providers, will lead to three important changes in how data will be used and treated:

  • Even industries that are not so heavily regulated will invest more in the ID verification process, adding extra security layers. There will be more checks with increased complexity and additional steps in the verification process: biometric checks, verifying IDs, SMSs, and passwords, checking recent transactions, etc.
  • This will lead to prioritization of comprehensive liveness checks to make sure that submitted documents are valid and really exist. An ID document contains various security features: holograms, elements printed with optical variable inks, and biometric data, to name a few, and an image of it should be taken using methods so that these elements can be captured and verified.
  • Regula experts expect to see a push from users for more data protection rules, and for more transparency from online businesses. In the wake of multiple public disclosures of data leaks, users are gradually losing trust in how their data is treated and becoming more cautious about what they share with third parties and how. Addressing this trend, companies will attempt to bring that trust back via increased investments in customer data protection measures.

When it comes to more complex identity fraud cases related to synthetic media like deepfakes, experts expect to see a rise in amateur scam attempts along with the emergence of next-gen biometric-related fraud.

Both trends are developing in parallel and are powered by the same factor: the growing maturity and availability of machine-learning based technologies that make it possible to fake photos, videos, voices, and other characteristics previously considered unique.

Based on the opinion of Regula experts, all these trends will lead to a market that is developed enough to embrace mature end-to-end IDV solutions that are capable of not only verifying documents, but also biometric characteristics, like face, voice, and fingerprints.

“The good news is that minimal security measures are currently enough to repel 95% of possible attacks. The remaining 5% is where the difficulties lie. Now, most deepfakes are created for free, and they’re of such a quality that there’s no immediate danger. But that’s a matter of how many resources fraudsters will be willing to invest. At the moment, when they’re ready to spend significant amounts of money per deepfake, it’s a problem that requires interactive multi-layered protection. So if we picture the trends above as a scale, where convenience for the customer is on one end and security on the other, the balance is shifting to the latter,” notes Ihar Kliashchou, CTO at Regula.

In relation to this year’s trending topics — digital identity and decentralized identity — the company’s experts have their own take on that:

  • In the ideal world, a universal digital identity would help eliminate most of the issues with fake identities. However, in reality, creating and gaining broad acceptance and implementation of a secure single source of truth is going to take a significant amount of time. Still, we’re already seeing more different local and even company-based digital identities trying to become a single source of truth on a local level.
  • The idea of decentralized identity is going to be held back for some time. With the benefit of being built on blockchains and allowing users to control their digital identifiers, this system still comes with weaknesses. Since no one controls it centrally, no one will be responsible for it in case of any problems. Additionally, there is the matter of trust. Blockchain is strongly associated in people’s minds with crypto, and the FTX crash that has happened in the last couple of months has undermined people’s trust in it.


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Tags: data security


Dec 15 2022

Microsoft-Signed Drivers Helped Hackers Breach System Defenses

Category: Data Breach,Hacking,Security BreachDISC @ 10:12 am

This is not the first time threat actors have used drivers signed by Microsoft in their operations, as we know it, and it seems that putting a stop to this practice has not been an easy task for Microsoft.

Evidence suggests that the Cuba ransomware gang used malicious hardware drivers certified by Microsoft’s Windows Hardware Developer Program in an attempted ransomware attack.

Remember when, in 2021, a report surfaced that revealed Microsoft had signed a driver called Netfilter, and later it turned out it contained malware? Well, it has happened again, but on a larger scale.

Sophos X-Ops Rapid Response (RR) recently discovered evidence which proves that threat actors potentially belonging to the Cuba ransomware gang used malicious hardware drivers certified by Microsoft’s Windows Hardware Developer Program in an attempted ransomware attack. 

Drivers — the software that allows operating systems and apps to access and communicate with hardware devices — require highly privileged access to the operating system and its data, which is why Windows requires drivers to bear an approved cryptographic signature before allowing the driver to load.

However, cybercriminals have long since found approaches to exploit vulnerabilities found in existing Windows drivers from legitimate software publishers. These hackers make an effort to progressively move up the trust pyramid, using increasingly well-trusted cryptographic keys to digitally sign their drivers. 

Sophos along with researchers from Google-owned Mandiant and SentinelOne warned Microsoft about these signed malicious drivers which were being planted into targeted machines using a variant of the BurntCigar loader utility. These two then worked in tandem to kill processes associated with antivirus (AV) and endpoint detection and response (EDR) products. 

“Ongoing Microsoft Threat Intelligence Center analysis indicates the signed malicious drivers were likely used to facilitate post-exploitation intrusion activity such as the deployment of ransomware,” Microsoft said in an advisory published as part of its monthly scheduled release of security patches, known as Patch Tuesday.

Microsoft approved Driver Malware Used To Bypass System Security
On left is a valid signature identified by Mandiant – On the right is a valid signature identified by Sophos

Microsoft concluded its investigation by stating that “no compromise has been identified,” and proceeded to suspend the partners’ seller accounts. Moreover, they released Windows security updates to revoke the abused certificates. 

Mandiant’s report is available here. In SentinelOne’s blog post, the security firm reported that it had seen several attacks where a threat actor used malicious signed drivers to evade security products which usually trust components signed by Microsoft.

The threat actors were observed to be targeting organisations in the business process outsourcing (BPO), telecommunications, entertainment, transportation, MSSP, financial and cryptocurrency sectors and in some instances, SIM swapping was the end goal.

Microsoft approved Driver Malware Used To Bypass System Security
Code signing overview

Cuba Ransomware group was identified to be involved in gaining $60 million from attacks against 100 organisations globally, according to a joint advisory earlier this month from the US Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) and the FBI.

The advisory also included warnings regarding the ransomware group which has been active since 2019 and continues to attack US entities in critical infrastructure, including financial services, government facilities, healthcare and public health, and critical manufacturing and information technology.

This is not the first time threat actors have used drivers signed by Microsoft in their operations, as we know it, and it seems that putting a stop to this practice has not been an easy task for Microsoft.

Tags: Microsoft-Signed Drivers


Dec 05 2022

Data of Israeli Employees from 29 Logistics Firms Sold Online

Category: Data Breach,data securityDISC @ 10:33 am

The 50GB worth of data is currently being sold on two clear web forums with a price tag of 1 BTC per database.

A group of hackers has posted a trove of approximately 50GB of data for sale on two online forums and a Telegram group. The data was posted on 26 and 27th November 2022. This was revealed to Hackread.com by researchers at VPNMentor.

A probe into the incident revealed that the data belonged to 29 Israeli transportation, logistics services and forwarding firms. Researchers believe that the hackers breached a software provider’s single point of failure, gained unauthorized access to these logistics firms’ supply chains, and exfiltrated a trove of personal data and shipping records.

50 GB of Israeli Firms’ Data on Sale

Hackers have posted the stolen data for sale. Visitors can buy a complete employee and customer information dataset from the targeted companies. The per-database rate is 1 BTC, which equals $17,000. An analysis of the graphics associated with these posts revealed that the data is part of a Black Friday Sale.

Previously, when some Israeli delivery firms were targeted in cyberattacks, the Israeli government’s cyber agencies named Iranian threat actors as the perpetrators. However, it is unclear if the same actors are responsible in this instance.

Details of Leaked Data

According to VPNMentor’s blog post, exposed data includes contract details and shipment information of the affected Israeli firms. The hackers have listed 1.1 million records for sale on different online forums. It seems like they have shared a small sample of data.

Whether 1 record represented 1 person or 1.1 million people were impacted in this data breach couldn’t be determined. The exposed information includes full names, addresses, and contact numbers.

Researchers were unsure whether the exposed addresses were work or home addresses. Customers’ exposed data includes full names and shipping details (sender and receiver’s addresses, number of packages, contact numbers, etc.).

Data of 1 Million Israeli Employees from 29 Logistic Firms Sold Online

Possible Dangers

These records can be exploited to intercept packages or blackmail/threaten courier firms’ employees into handing over valuable shipments. Threat actors can use personal data such as full names or contact details to target people with scams and phishing attacks.

Customers of these firms should be wary of suspicious SMS messages and calls and do not share personal information via phone. They should reveal sensitive data only to a trusted source only when necessary.

Tags: Data loss, Logistics Firms, phishing attacks, scams


Oct 21 2022

Microsoft Data Leak – 2.4TB of 65,000+ Companies Data Leaked Online

Category: Data Breach,data securityDISC @ 10:44 am
Microsoft Data Leak – 2.4TB of 65,000+ Companies Data Leaked Online

Tags: Microsoft Data Leak


Oct 17 2022

Cybercrime and data breaches are more than just the CISO’s problem

Category: CISO,Cyber crime,Data BreachDISC @ 11:20 am
I Was A CISO for Six Years -- Here's Why Burnout Is Such A Problem

In recent weeks, cybercrime and data breaches have become unavoidable topics in Australia. Many citizens have been forced to confront – for the first time – the reality of living in a disrupted digital world, where our personal data has become the most valuable commodity.

Of course, as tech leaders, this is a topic that keeps us awake at night. No part of our economy has proven immune from the impacts of cybercrime and data breaches.. Government agencies at all levels, large organisations, critical infrastructure providers, small-to-medium enterprises, families and individuals have all been targets.

Our customers sleep soundly at night in the knowledge there will be no unauthorised access to their physical digital infrastructure located in our data centres.

The $33 billion question

However, it’s not just CISOs who should be worried, particularly when considering this key question: What is the true cost to our economy of cybercrime?

It’s a $33 billion question because that’s how much Australian organisations self-reported in cybercrime losses during FY21. And that doesn’t even cover the hefty financial penalties that apply to companies that fail to protect their customer data.

The cost extends far beyond the financial. Aside from the financial costs there are the non-financial costs to individual companies that are victims of these attacks. This includes reputational damage, remedial distraction, service interruptions and process breakdowns. Cybercrime also poses a major threat to consumer trust, innovation, and growth across the digital economy.

In other words, security risk management is fast becoming every business leader’s problem – not just for CISOs and CSOs.

The four pillars of security risk management

At NEXTDC, we’ve been talking for some time about the importance of an integrated approach to security risk management around digital infrastructure. The conversation so far has been focused on how there must be a ‘mesh’ or integrated approach to physical and cyber security. These are the first two pillars of robust security risk management and, , they have converged to the point where you can’t have one without the other.

As I like to say, securing your internal critical infrastructure is only half the story. You can have the most advanced cyber security systems in place and still be compromised by a physical breach of your facility.

However, there are two additional pillars to security risk management. These are less well-known but are no less important – people and processes, and supply chain and business continuity. And responsibility for those extends far beyond the technology department.

The remainder of this article will focus on the people and processes pillar. A subsequent blog will address supply chains and business continuity.

What does converged security mean from a people and process perspective?

Most of us are familiar with the terms converged or integrated security risk management, but what does that really mean from a people and process perspective? For most organisations, it comes down to what it is you’re trying to protect against. In general, that will fall into one of two categories: accidental or deliberate (malicious) human actions.

While it’s usually the malicious actors who get the most airtime (put your hand up if you immediately visualise a shadowy figure in a hoodie hunched over a laptop when you hear the word ‘hacker’!) – the evidence suggests we should be far more worried about accidental actions.

Malicious actors are everywhere, constantly active and becoming increasingly sophisticated, but human error is still the greatest cause of data breaches. Robust physical environments – supported by cutting edge technology, education to create awareness amongst people and the right processes to support them – are still the most important component of holistic security strategy.

Build a ‘ready for anything’ security mesh

As pressure continues to mount around data protection and sovereignty, an enhanced security posture is best achieved by partnering strategically with a trusted provider. A supply chain partner who will take on not only the heavy lifting that gets you to your ideal state, faster and safely, but also without significant capital investment in infrastructure, personnel and meeting compliance.

Your provider’s security risk management must be completely aligned with yours, so ensure you ask the right questions during the evaluation process. Make sure you dig deep into factors such as:

  • Security awareness programs, policies and procedures for staff and suppliers (including personnel screening, both pre-employment and also right throughout tenure)
  • Compliance with the certification programs and standards relevant to your organisation and industry
  • Internal and external audit procedures.

Your customers, regulators, investors and partners are depending on you to get security risk management right and the consequences of falling short in this area can be very expensive and long lasting.

https://www.nextdc.com/resources-and-insights/news/cybercrime-and-data-breaches-are-more-just-cisos-problem

Tags: Cybercrime and data breaches


Sep 18 2022

Uber Downplays Data Breach Impact, Claims No Sensitive Data Stolen

Category: Data Breach,Security BreachDISC @ 9:40 am

Uber Downplays Data Breach Impact, Claims No Sensitive Data Stolen – Uber is downplaying a data breach that occurred on Thursday, saying that no sensitive data was exposed.

Uber Downplays Data Breach Impact, Claims No Sensitive Data Stolen

Tags: Uber Data Breach


Sep 01 2022

List of Data Breaches and Cyber Attacks in August 2022 – 97 Million Records Breached

August 2022 has been a lesson in being careful with whom you provide sensitive information. In a month that saw the former US president accused of misappropriating classified government documents, there were also a spate of malicious insiders compromising their employer’s systems.

Meanwhile, the bastion of password security, LastPass, announced that its systems had been breached – although the organisation is confident that customers’ details remain secure.

In total, we identified 112 publicly disclosed security incidents in August, resulting in 97,456,345 compromised records.

You can find the full list of incidents below, broken into their respective categories.


Contents

Data Breaches

Data Security

Free Basic network and Data Security Awareness

Tags: data breach, data security, infosec breach


Aug 25 2022

GAIROSCOPE attack allows to exfiltrate data from Air-Gapped systems via ultrasonic tones

Category: Data Breach,data securityDISC @ 8:31 am
GAIROSCOPE: An Israeli researcher demonstrated how to exfiltrate data from air-gapped systems using ultrasonic tones and smartphone gyroscopes.

The popular researcher Mordechai Guri from the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Israel devise an attack technique, named GAIROSCOPE, to exfiltrate data from air-gapped systems using ultrasonic tones and smartphone gyroscopes.

The attack requires that the threat actor has in advance installed malware on the air-gapped system, as well as on a smartphone which must be located in the proximity of the system.

The malware installed in the air-gapped system generates ultrasonic tones in the resonance frequencies of the MEMS gyroscope which produce tiny mechanical oscillations within the smartphone’s gyroscope.

The frequencies are inaudible and the mechanical oscillations can be demodulated into binary information.

GAIROSCOPE air-gapped systems

The researcher pointed out that the gyroscope in smartphones is considered to be a ’safe’ sensor and can be used legitimately from mobile apps and javascript without specific permissions, unlike other components like the microphone.

The researchers added that in Android and iOS, there may be no visual indication, notification icons, or warning messages to the user that an application is using the gyroscope, like the indications in other sensitive sensors.

“Our experiments show that attackers can exfiltrate sensitive information from air-gapped computers to smartphones located a few meters away via Speakers-toGyroscope covert channel.” reads the research paper.

The malware on the air-gapped system gather sensitive data, including passwords and encryption keys, and encodes it using frequency-shift keying. In frequency-shift keying (FSK), the data are represented by a change in the frequency of a carrier wave.

Then the malware uses the device’s speakers to transmit the sounds at the inaudible frequencies.

On the receiving side, the phone receives the sounds using the device’s gyroscope and the malware running on the phone continuously samples and processes the output of the gyroscope. When the malware detects an exfiltration attempt, which is started using a specific bit sequence, it demodulates and decodes the data. The exfiltrated data can then be sent to the attacker using the phone’s internet connection.

“In the exfiltration phase, the malware encodes the data and broadcast it to the environment, using covert acoustic sound waves in the resonance frequency generated from the computer’s loudspeakers. A nearby infected smartphone ‘listens’ through the gyroscope, detects the transmission, demodulates and decodes the data, and transfers it to the attacker via the Internet (e.g., over Wi-Fi).” continues the paper. “The air-gapped workstation broadcasts data modulated on top of ultrasonic waves in the resonance frequencies that oscillates the nearby MEMS gyroscope. The application in the smartphone samples the gyroscope, demodulates the signal, and transmits the decoded data to the attacker through Wi-Fi.”

The test conducted by the researcher demonstrated that the GAIROSCOPE attack allows for a maximum data transmission rate of 8 bits/sec over a distance of up to 8 meters.

The following table shows the comparison with the existing acoustic covert channels previously devised by the researchers:

GAIROSCOPE 2

The researcher also provide countermeasures to mitigate the GAIROSCOPE attack, such as speakers elimination and blocking, ultrasonic filtering, signal jamming, signal monitoring, implementing sensors security, keping systems in restricted zones defined by a different radius, depending on the zone classification.

Tags: Air-Gapped systems, exfiltrate data


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