A recent article from Gartner states that, “Audit Chiefs Identify IT Governance as Top Risk for 2021.” I agree that IT governance is important but I question how much does the IT governance board understand about the day to day tactical risks such as the current threats and vulnerabilities against a companies attack surface? How are the tactical risks data being reported up to the board? Does the board understand the current state of threats and vulnerabilities or is this critical information being filtered on the way up?

If the concept of hierarchy of needs was extended to cyber security it may help business owners and risk management teams asses how to approach implementing a risk management approach for the business.

There are three key questions to ask:

  1. How confident are you in your organization’s ability to inventory and monitor IT assets? 
  2. How confident are you in your organization’s ability to “detect unauthorized activity”? 
  3. How confident are you in your organization’s ability to identify and respond to true positive incidents within a reasonable time to respond? 
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Source: medium

Layers 1-2 – Inventory and Telemetry – The first two layers are related to asset inventory which is part of the CIS Controls 1-2. How can you defend the vulnerable Windows 2003 server that is still connected to your network at a remote site?

Layers 3-4 – Detection and Triage – These layers are related to a SOC/SIEM/SOAR program which will allow the cyber security team to begin to detect threats through logging and monitoring.

Layers 5-10 – Threats, Behaviors, Hunt, Track, Act – The final layers are threat hunting, tracking and incident response and this is where the MITRE framework is very helpful to identify threats, understand the data sources, build use cases and prepare the incident response playbooks based on real world threat intelligence.

To more about What is the MITRE’s Att&CK Framework? Source: The MITRE Att&CK Framework